Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: Paolo Burlando x
  • All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Roger Bordoy and Paolo Burlando

Abstract

This study presents a method to correct regional climate model (RCM) outputs using observations from automatic weather stations. The correction applies a nonlinear procedure, which recently appeared in the literature, to both precipitation and temperature on a monthly basis in a region of complex orography. To assess the temporal stability of such a correction, the correcting parameters of each variable are investigated using different time periods within the observational record. The RCM simulations used in this study to evaluate the bias-correction method are the publicly available “Reg-CM3” experiments from the Ensemble-Based Predictions of Climate Changes and Their Impacts (ENSEMBLES) project. They provide daily precipitation and temperature time series on a raster with spatial resolution of 0.22°. The analysis is performed in the Rhone catchment, located in southwestern Switzerland and characterized by highly complex orography. The results show that the nonlinear bias correction increases dramatically the accuracy not only of the RCM mean daily precipitation and temperature but also of values across the entire domain of the probability distribution. Moreover, the correction parameters seem to be reasonably independent from the sample used for their calibration, especially in the case of temperature. The good performance of the method over the considered mountainous region during the evaluation period points to the suitability of this technique for correcting RCM biases regardless of the stationarity of the climate and, therefore, also for future climate and in regions characterized by marked orography.

Full access
Nadav Peleg, Francesco Marra, Simone Fatichi, Peter Molnar, Efrat Morin, Ashish Sharma, and Paolo Burlando

Abstract

This study contributes to the understanding of the relationship between air temperature and convection by analyzing the characteristics of rainfall at the storm and convective rain cell scales. High spatial–temporal resolution (1 km, 5 min) estimates from a uniquely long weather radar record (24 years) were coupled with near-surface air temperature over Mediterranean and semiarid regions in the eastern Mediterranean. In the examined temperature range (5°–25°C), the peak intensity of individual convective rain cells was found to increase with temperature, but at a lower rate than the 7%°C−1 scaling expected from the Clausius–Clapeyron relation, while the area of the individual convective rain cells slightly decreases or, at most, remains unchanged. At the storm scale, the areal convective rainfall was found to increase with warmer temperatures, whereas the areal nonconvective rainfall and the stormwide area decrease. This suggests an enhanced moisture convergence from the stormwide extent toward the convective rain cells. Results indicate a reduction in the total rainfall amounts and an increased heterogeneity of the spatial structure of the storm rainfall for temperatures increasing up to 25°C. Thermodynamic conditions, analyzed using convective available potential energy, were determined to be similar between Mediterranean and semiarid regions. Limitations in the atmospheric moisture availability when shifting from Mediterranean to semiarid climates were detected and explain the suppression of the intensity of the convective rain cells when moving toward drier regions. The relationships obtained in this study are relevant for nearby regions characterized by Mediterranean and semiarid climates.

Open access