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  • Author or Editor: R. G. Dedecker x
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D. D. Turner, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, C. Lo, and R. G. Dedecker

Abstract

A principal component noise filter has been applied to ground-based high-spectral-resolution infrared radiance observations collected by the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometers (AERIs) deployed by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program. The technique decomposes the radiance observations into their principal components, selects the ones that describe the most variance in the data, and reconstructs the data from these components. An empirical function developed for chemical analysis is utilized to determine the number of principal components to be used in the reconstruction of the data. Statistical analysis of the noise-filtered minus original radiance data, as well as side-by-side analysis of data from two AERI systems utilizing different temporal sampling, demonstrates the ability of the noise filter using this empirical function to retain most of the atmospheric signal above the AERI noise level in the filtered data. The noise filter is applied to data collected at ARM’s tropical, midlatitude, and Arctic sites, demonstrating that the random variability in the data is reduced by 5% to over 450%, depending on the spectral element and location of the instrument. A seasonal analysis of the number of principal components required by the noise filter for each site shows a strong seasonal dependence in the atmospheric variability at the Arctic and midlatitude sites but not at the tropical site.

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R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin

Abstract

A ground-based Fourier transform spectrometer has been developed to measure the atmospheric downwelling infrared radiance spectrum at the earth's surface with high absolute accuracy. The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) instrument was designed and fabricated by the University of Wisconsin Space Science and Engineering Center (UW-SSEC) for the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. This paper emphasizes the key features of the UW-SSEC instrument design that contribute to meeting the AERI instrument requirements for the ARM Program. These features include a highly accurate radiometric calibration system, an instrument controller that provides continuous and autonomous operation, an extensive data acquisition system for monitoring calibration temperatures and instrument health, and a real-time data processing system. In particular, focus is placed on design issues crucial to meeting the ARM requirements for radiometric calibration, spectral calibration, noise performance, and operational reliability. The detailed performance characteristics of the AERI instruments built for the ARM Program are described in a companion paper.

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R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin

Abstract

The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) instrument was developed for the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program by the University of Wisconsin Space Science and Engineering Center (UW-SSEC). The infrared emission spectra measured by the instrument have the sensitivity and absolute accuracy needed for atmospheric remote sensing and climate studies. The instrument design is described in a companion paper. This paper describes in detail the measured performance characteristics of the AERI instruments built for the ARM Program. In particular, the AERI systems achieve an absolute radiometric calibration of better than 1% (3σ) of ambient radiance, with a reproducibility of better than 0.2%. The knowledge of the AERI spectral calibration is better than 1.5 ppm (1σ) in the wavenumber range 400– 3000 cm−1.

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