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Richard A. Schleusener
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Richard A. Schleusener

Abstract

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Richard A. Schleusener

Abstract

Extant physical models allow the hypothesis that seeding may produce either increases or decreases in hailfall. Present technology for delivery of seeding materials permits seeding with higher concentrations and greater accuracy of placement with airborne equipment than is possible with ground equipment.

Evaluation of experience to date supports the hypothesis that seeding at rates of less than 1000 gm hr−1 per storm may stimulate convection and increase the number of individual hail events, but that heavier seeding at rates of 2000–3000 gm hr−1 per storm is effective in reducing hailfall damage by reducing the total impact energy from hailfalls.

Limited observational evidence suggests that the effects of cloud seeding on hailfalls may extend to clouds not directly affected by the seeding material.

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Briant L. Davis
and
Richard A. Schleusener

Abstract

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Richard A. Schleusener
and
Paul C. Jennings

A simple instrument was developed to estimate hail energy input per unit area. By using certain simplifying assumptions, the instruments have been calibrated in the laboratory to permit estimates of hail energy input from measurements of dent size and number of dents per unit area. Special effects noted during field use of a large number of these instruments are described.

It is estimated that, although the absolute error in estimating hail- energy input may exceed 300 per cent, the error in comparative measurements of hail energy input by this equipment is approximately 50 percent.

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