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Haruma Ishida, Takashi Y. Nakjima, Tatsuya Yokota, Nobuyuki Kikuchi, and Hiroshi Watanabe

Abstract

In this work, the Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) Thermal and Near-infrared Sensor for Carbon Observation–Cloud and Aerosol Imager (TANSO-CAI) cloud screening results, which are necessary for the retrieval of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) gas amounts from GOSAT TANSO–Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) observations, are compared with results from Aqua/Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) in four seasons. A large number of pixels, acquired from both satellites with nearly coincident locations and times, are extracted for statistical comparisons. The same cloud screening algorithm was applied to both satellite datasets to focus on the performance of the individual satellite sensors, without concern for differences in algorithms. The comparisons suggest that CAI is capable of discriminating between clear and cloudy areas over water without sun glint and also may be capable of identifying thin cirrus clouds, which are generally difficult to detect without thermal infrared or near-infrared bands. On the other hand, cloud screening over land by CAI resulted in greater cloudy discrimination than that by MODIS, whereas detection of thin cirrus clouds tended to be more difficult over land than water, resulting in incorrect identification of thin cirrus as clear. The amount of missed thin cirrus had a seasonal variation, with the maximum occurring in summer. The cloudy tendency of CAI over half vegetation is caused by lack of an effective threshold test that can be applied to MODIS. The statistical results of the comparison clarified the important points to consider when using the results of CAI cloud screening.

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Igor V. Polyakov, Vladimir A. Alexeev, Igor M. Ashik, Sheldon Bacon, Agnieszka Beszczynska-Möller, Eddy C. Carmack, Igor A. Dmitrenko, Louis Fortier, Jean-Claude Gascard, Edmond Hansen, Jens Hölemann, Vladimir V. Ivanov, Takashi Kikuchi, Sergey Kirillov, Yueng-Djern Lenn, Fiona A. McLaughlin, Jan Piechura, Irina Repina, Leonid A. Timokhov, Waldemar Walczowski, and Rebecca Woodgate

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