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Zhizhen Xu, Jing Chen, Zheng Jin, Hongqi Li, and Fajing Chen

Abstract

To more comprehensively and accurately address model uncertainties in the East Asia monsoon region, a single-physics suite, where each ensemble member uses the same set of physics parameterizations as the control member in combination with multiple stochastic schemes, is developed to investigate if the multistochastic schemes that combine different stochastic schemes together can be an alternative to a multiphysics suite, where each ensemble member uses a different set of physics parameterizations (e.g., cumulus convection, boundary layer, surface layer, microphysics, and shortwave and longwave radiation). For this purpose, two experiments are performed for a summer monsoon month over China: one with a multiphysics suite and the other with a single-physics suite combined with multistochastic schemes. Three stochastic schemes are applied: the stochastically perturbed parameterizations (SPP) scheme, consisting of temporally and spatially varying perturbations of 18 parameters in the microphysics, convection, boundary layer, and surface layer parameterization schemes; the stochastically perturbed parameterization tendencies (SPPT) scheme; and the stochastic kinetic energy backscatter (SKEB) scheme. The combination of the three stochastic schemes is compared with the multiphysics suite in the Global and Regional Assimilation and Prediction Enhanced System–Regional Ensemble Prediction System with a horizontal grid spacing of 15 km. Verification results show that, overall, a single-physics suite that combines SPP, SPPT, and SKEB outperforms the multiphysics suite in precipitation verification and verification for upper-air weather variables, 10-m zonal wind, and 2-m temperature in the East Asian monsoon region. The indication is that a single-physics suite combining SPP, SPPT, and SKEB may be an appropriate alternative to a multiphysics suite. This finding lays a foundation for the development and design of future regional and global ensembles.

Open access
Yuxiao Chen, Jing Chen, Dehui Chen, Zhizhen Xu, Jie Sheng, and Fajing Chen

Abstract

The simulated radar reflectivity used by current mesoscale numerical weather prediction models can reflect the grid precipitation but cannot reflect the subgrid precipitation generated by a cumulus parameterization scheme. To solve this problem, this study developed a new simulated radar reflectivity calculation method to obtain the new radar reflectivity corresponding to the subgrid-scale and grid-scale precipitation based on the mesoscale Global/Regional Assimilation and Prediction System (GRAPES) model of the China Meteorological Administration. Based on this new method, two 15-day forecast experiments were carried out for two different time periods (11–25 April 2019 and 1–15 August 2019), and the radar reflectivity products obtained by the new method and previous method were compared. The results show that the radar reflectivity obtained by the new simulated radar reflectivity calculation method gives a clear indication of the subgrid-scale precipitation in the model. Verification results show that the threat scores of the improved experiments are better than those of the control experiments in general and that the reliability of the simulated radar reflectivity for the indication of precipitation is improved. It is concluded that the new simulated radar reflectivity calculation method is effective and significantly improves the reflectivity products. This method has good prospects for providing more information about forecasting precipitation and convective activity in operational models.

Open access