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Ross Westoby
,
Rachel Clissold
, and
Karen E. McNamara

1. Introduction Climate change impacts are growing in magnitude and frequency with marked impacts across the globe ( IPCC 2014 ). Effective adaptation is an urgent and unavoidable priority as climate change accelerates and makes it increasingly difficult for vulnerable countries to meet adaptation needs ( IPCC 2014 ). Despite this urgency, adaptation activity in highly exposed regions like the Pacific Islands has made minimal progress toward intended objectives to date ( Nunn and Kumar 2019

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Julia Teebken
,
Nicole Mitchell
,
Klaus Jacob
, and
Thorsten Heimann

infrastructure or enhancing building design (e.g., Mahlkow and Donner 2017 ; Umweltbundesamt 2017 ). These strategies often include large-scale, long-lasting landscape modifications. Their main goal is to reduce the heat hazard and therefore people’s exposure to heat by mitigating the heat load in the city. 1 The strong focus on planning in research and policy making has led to adaptation strategies that are mainly driven by administrative actors and urban planning bureaus. The discourse is dominated by

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Torbjørn Selseng
,
Marit Klemetsen
, and
Tone Rusdal

1. Introduction In many countries, including Norway, a crucial role in adapting society to climate change has fallen to the local level of government ( Dannevig et al. 2012 ; IPCC 2014b ; Porter et al. 2015 ). As the principal spatial planners, local governments are strategically positioned to deliver climate change adaptation (CCA) strategies devised from above and in coordinating bottom-up action ( Dannevig and Aall 2015 ; Porter et al. 2015 ). In a Norwegian context, the emphasis has

Open access
Nikolai Bobylev
,
Sebastien Gadal
,
Valery Konyshev
,
Maria Lagutina
, and
Alexander Sergunin

foundation of the storage tank sank due to thawing permafrost and 20 000 tons of fuel spilled into a nearby river, demonstrated one more time, the negative implications of warming in the Arctic. For these reasons, planning for city climate change adaptation (CCA) and sustainable development (SD) strategies in the Far North is especially important because it helps to cope with the above challenges and avoid costly mistakes in developing the region and urban communities with fragile ecosystems and

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David Samuel Williams

implementation of climate policy and action is largely influenced by the engagement of complex governance structures spanning from the global to the national and, in particular, the local level ( Di Gregorio et al. 2019 ; Baker et al. 2012 ; Celliers et al. 2020b ; Williams et al. 2020b ). Strengthening the engagement between these levels of governance could significantly support climate change adaptation through the reduction of risk from climate change impacts and the advancement of sustainable

Open access
Susmita Mitra
,
Pradeep K. Mehta
, and
Sudipta Kumar Mishra

are more vulnerable to adapt to the changing situation. A better understanding of their perceptions is important to inform policies aimed at promoting successful adaptation. This paper presents an empirical study in the Mewat (recently renamed as Nuh) district of Haryana. Mewat is one of the most socioeconomically disadvantaged districts of not only Haryana but also of the country, despite its proximity to the national capital New Delhi. Among other factors, the impoverishment of the district is

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Rachel M. Gurney
,
Sisi Meng
,
Samantha Rumschlag
, and
Alan F. Hamlet

1. Introduction and background This study examines the influences of state and local political affiliation and local exposure to weather-related impacts on local government climate adaptation efforts, and it contributes to literature aimed at addressing the widely acknowledged need for understanding key barriers to U.S. climate adaptation adaptation. Cities in the United States have played an increasingly important role in combating climate change by taking up ambitious plans and policies

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K. R. Clifford
,
J. Henderson
,
Z. McAlear
,
L. Dilling
,
B. Duncan
,
S. Ehert
,
S. Arens
,
R. Page
, and
U. Rick

Accounting for local, place-specific vulnerabilities within community adaptation planning has become more and more essential, as weather and climate extremes increase ( Moser and Ekstrom 2011 ; Kettle et al. 2014 ; Klenk et al. 2017 ). Adaptation is fundamentally a locally specific experience, although also constrained and enabled by governmental and socioeconomic processes at other scales ( Nalau et al. 2015 ). Strong evidence indicates that experts actively engaging stakeholders

Open access
Carlo Aall
,
Christiane Meyer-Habighorst
,
Irmelin Gram-Hanssen
,
Mari Hanssen Korsbrekke
, and
Grete Hovelsrud

1. Introduction In 2019, the Norwegian government introduced an annual basic funding of a virtual research center—the Norwegian Research Centre on Sustainable Climate Change Adaptation (Noradapt)—tasked with producing knowledge on how to adapt to the impacts of climate change in ways that are not in conflict with, and preferably are supportive of, the implementation of other sustainability goals and that help move society toward enhanced sustainability. One of the first efforts of

Open access
Chukwuma Otum Ume
,
Ogochukwu Onah
,
Kehinde Paul Adeosun
,
Onyekwe Chris Nnamdi
,
Nice Nneoma Ihedioha
,
Chukwuemeka Onyia
, and
Ezinne Orie Idika

1. Introduction As in every other nation of the world, the need for climate change adaptation in the United Kingdom has suddenly become inevitable ( Taylor et al. 2014 ). Previous research indicates that climate change manifests in myriad ways: floods, heat waves, cold spells, droughts, and water scarcity ( Demski et al. 2017 ). In the United Kingdom, climate-related risks in the form of cold spells appear to be one of the major manifestations of climate events. Cold spells in the United

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