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Yujie Wang, Lianchun Song, Chris Hewitt, Nicola Golding, and Zili Huang

1. Introduction The climate is of critical importance to social and economic development and human well-being. Against the background of climate change and increasing vulnerability and exposure, society is facing unprecedented challenges in terms of climate risks ( IPCC 2014 ). To manage and reduce climate risks as well as improve societal resilience, the World Meteorological Organization initiated the Global Framework for Climate Services in 2009 ( Hewitt et al. 2012 ). In recent years

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Frank Baffour-Ata, Philip Antwi-Agyei, Elias Nkiaka, Andrew J. Dougill, Alexander K. Anning, and Stephen Oppong Kwakye

Africa ( Pachauri et al. 2014 ). An important step toward improving the ability to manage climate-related hazards is the timely availability and usage of climate information services ( Vaughan and Dessai 2014 ; Antwi-Agyei et al. 2021a , b ). Climate information services are the ways in which climate information is made available to and useful for decision-makers across different sectors and at different scales ( WMO 2018 ). Climate information services provide institutions and people with timely

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Adam A. Scaife, Elizabeth Good, Ying Sun, Zhongwei Yan, Nick Dunstone, Hong-Li Ren, Chaofan Li, Riyu Lu, Peili Wu, Zongjian Ke, Zhuguo Ma, Kalli Furtado, Tongwen Wu, Tianjun Zhou, Tyrone Dunbar, Chris Hewitt, Nicola Golding, Peiqun Zhang, Rob Allan, Kirstine Dale, Fraser C. Lott, Peter A. Stott, Sean Milton, Lianchun Song, and Stephen Belcher

Six years ago, we set up a partnership between climate scientists at the United Kingdom’s Met Office Hadley Centre, the China Meteorological Administration, and the Institute of Atmospheric Physics in Beijing via the U.K. Government’s Newton Fund. This Climate Science to Service Partnership (CSSP) is building a strong network of collaborating U.K. and Chinese climate scientists through an enhanced joint climate science program. The partnership focuses on collaborative research and innovation to

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Chunxue Yang, Francesca Elisa Leonelli, Salvatore Marullo, Vincenzo Artale, Helen Beggs, Bruno Buongiorno Nardelli, Toshio M. Chin, Vincenzo De Toma, Simon Good, Boyin Huang, Christopher J. Merchant, Toshiyuki Sakurai, Rosalia Santoleri, Jorge Vazquez-Cuervo, Huai-Min Zhang, and Andrea Pisano

Traon et al. 2019 ). Therefore, assessing the quality of SST data is critical from several perspectives, from operational to climate studies, marine environment, and related services. SST observations are mainly obtained from low-Earth orbit infrared and microwave satellite imagery and geostationary infrared imagery, and from various in situ platforms including moored and drifting buoys, Argo floats, ships of opportunity, autonomous sailing drones, and radiometers ( O’Carroll et al. 2019 ). All

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Marina Baldissera Pacchetti, Jillian Schacher, Suraje Dessai, Marta Bruno Soares, Rob Lawlor, and Joseph Daron

2020 Climate Services Code of Ethics Workshop What : Over 30 international participants, mostly academics with different disciplinary backgrounds, climate service providers, government science advisors, and consultants, joined four daily 6-h remote sessions, discussing the ethics of climate services. Following a unanimous vote in favor of creating a code of ethics on the first day, the workshop spent the next three days discussing ethical issues in climate services, debating a code of

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Marta Terrado, Luz Calvo, Dragana Bojovic, and Isadora Christel

Climateurope Workshop on the Visualization of Climate Services What: Barcelona Supercomputing Center’s (BSC) Earth Sciences Department organized the workshop in the framework of the Horizon 2020–funded Coordination and Support Action Climateurope. The workshop aimed to discuss different aspects of the state-of-the-art of visualizations used in climate services and produce a publication on the synthesis and recommendations. We invited participants from different projects linked to the

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Juergen Weichselgartner and Berit Arheimer

1. Introduction The need of climate change adaptation (CCA) services became urgent with the Paris Agreement in 2015, where adaptation was highlighted as a pressing need alongside traditional mitigation measures ( UNFCCC 2015 ). Accordingly, the increasing number of scientific, political, and public efforts to develop and implement climate services has led to substantial achievements in this emerging field. Several models and frameworks to design and evaluate climate services have been proposed

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Mark S. Brooks

Engagement, entrepreneurship, and evaluation are the keys to innovative and transformative services that will help citizens, businesses, and governments manage climate risks. Theodore Levitt, an American economist said, “Just as energy is the basis of life itself, and ideas the source of innovation, so is innovation the vital spark of all human change, improvement and progress.” Virtually all economic growth since the 1700s is ultimately attributable to innovation ( Baumol 2002 ). There are two

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Wendy S. Parker and Greg Lusk

Climate services should consider not just what users want to know, but also which errors users particularly want to avoid. Climate services aim to provide “scientifically-based information and products that enhance users’ knowledge and understanding about the impacts of climate on their decisions and actions” ( AMS 2015 ). Increasingly, there are calls for collaborative approaches to the delivery of climate services, including approaches in which products are “co-produced” by providers and

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Else J. M. Van Den Besselaar, Albert M. G. Klein Tank, Gerard Van Der Schrier, Mariama S. Abass, Omar Baddour, Aryan F.V. Van Engelen, Andrea Freire, Peer Hechler, Bayu Imbang Laksono, Iqbal, Rudmer Jilderda, Andre Kamga Foamouhoue, Arie Kattenberg, Robert Leander, Rodney Martínez Güingla, Albert S. Mhanda, Juan José Nieto, Sunaryo, Aris Suwondo, Yunus S. Swarinoto, and Gé Verver

MOTIVATION. The demand for information services on weather and climate is growing rapidly worldwide. In recognition of this, the World Climate Conference-3 in 2009 endorsed the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), 1 a global partnership of governments and organizations that produces and uses climate information and services. GFCS seeks to enable researchers, producers, and users of information to join forces to improve the quality and quantity of climate services worldwide

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