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Hua He, Guorong Chai, Yana Su, Yongzhong Sha, Shengliang Zong, and Hairong Bao

1. Introduction Respiratory diseases (RD; the appendix lists all acronyms used in this paper and their definitions) are common in winter and spring and are generally caused by viruses or bacteria, including upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and asthma, among others. The occurrence of RD often shows seasonality and an association with meteorological factors (such as temperature and relative humidity). The health of the human body is closely

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Andrew J. Monaghan, Katherine MacMillan, Sean M. Moore, Paul S. Mead, Mary H. Hayden, and Rebecca J. Eisen

1. Introduction Human plague is an often-fatal, fleaborne disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis . The rural West Nile region of northwestern Uganda represents an epidemiological focus for plague, where humans are most often exposed to Y. pestis during plague outbreaks in local rat populations in which large numbers of rats die. The infectious fleas on the dead rats are forced to seek alternative hosts, including humans. Previous work by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and

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Daniel S. Wilks and Karin W. Shen

APRIL1991 DANIEL S. WILKS AND KARIN W. SHEN 463Threshold Relative Humidity Duration Forecasts for Plant Disease Prediction DANIEL S. WILKS AND KARIN W. SHEN*Department of Soil, Crop, and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York(Manuscript received 11 June 1990, in final form 6 November 1990)ABSTRACT Duration of high relative humidity

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Benjamin Tom, Merle Brown, and Richard Chang

Jm4E1964 B. TOM, M. BROWN AND R. CHANG 311Peptic Ulcer Disease and Temperature Changes in HawaiiBENJAMIN TOM,~ MERLE BROWN2 AND R~CHARD CHANGa Honolulu, Hawaii(Manuscript received 9 December 1963)ABSTRACT A total of 425 hemorrhaging peptic ulcer cases during the years 1958 to 1962, inclusive were carefully investigated, tabulated and matched with daily, weekly and monthly temperature changes at

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.- John R. Weeks.8 few wo A need be said now.statement that a common co 1 d depends for its develop-colds; s o w persons have acute rhinitis ir ecause of occu-NOTE ON SOME EFFECTS OF WEATHER CHANQES ONDISEASE.The conditions of the vasomotor nerves of the skin and of the blood supply to the ca illaries of the skin haveo ans and surfaces of the body and thus with disease"%clings" and bacterial activity. Experimenta on ani- mals have recently demonstrated (1) that chilling of the body surface causes an

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G. W. Smith

JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGYVOLV~g 2The Relation Between Soil Moisture and Incidence of Disease in CacaoG. W. Sm~a University of the West Indies, Trinidad, W. I.(Manuscript received 12 February 1963, in revised form 6 May 1963) ABSTRACT The soil moisture status at a cacao estate in Trinidad, W. I., has been estimated by a climatological methodfor six years. A relation (r-- -0.76**) between the logarithm of the monthly number

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Marcelo Chamecki, Nicholas S. Dufault, and Scott A. Isard

1. Introduction Atmospheric dispersion of pathogenic spores is one of the key steps in the development of plant disease epidemics ( Aylor 1990 ). The dispersion of pathogenic spores from infected fields frequently creates disease frontal boundaries that move rapidly throughout large growing regions, causing important crop losses ( Hogg et al. 1969 ; Roelfs 1978 , 1986 ). Consequently, prediction of spore deposition with distance has important implications for implementing integrated pest

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Stella Melugin Coakley, William S. Boyd, and Roland F. Line

1234JOURNAL OF CLIMATE AND APPLIED METEOROLOGYVOLUME 23Development of Regional Models that Use Meteorological Variablesfor Predicting Stripe Rust Disease on Winter WheatSTELLA MELUGIN COAKLEY' AND WILLIAM S. BOYDNational Center for Atmospheric Research2 NCAR. Boulder. CO 80307ROLAND F. LINEARS/ USDA, Pullman, WA 99164(Manuscript received 2 December 1983, in final form 10 April 1984)ABSTRACTMeteorological variables can be used to predict stripe rust, a disease of wheat caused by Fuccinia stri

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Heidi E. Brown, Alex Young, Joceline Lega, Theodore G. Andreadis, Jessica Schurich, and Andrew Comrie

1. Introduction Robust quantitative models predicting vectorborne disease changes in response to the changing climate are lacking ( Hosking and Campbell-Lendrum 2012 ; Rodo et al. 2013 ). Mosquitoborne diseases are particularly vulnerable to a changing climate because of the effect of weather conditions on pathogen and mosquito development, survival, and reproduction and also on mosquito distribution and behavior [see review by Paz (2015) ]. Predicting how mosquitoes will respond is

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, in an ordinary packing semon under the higher temperatures that prevail in Maryland than with the considerably cooler weather that obtains in Maine at harvest t,ime.- J. Warren Smith.CLIMATE AND WEATHER AND PLANT DISEASES.The following extracted from the Plant Disease Bulle- tin Sup lenient No. 9, Bureau of Plant Industry, FnitedPant disemes under the influence of climate, an!tions :Apple Scab caused by T7mfu.ria inrcaPq@is (Clie.)wint.-Favored by early and cont,inued rams toget,her with cool

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