Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 391 items for :

  • Frontogenesis/frontolysis x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
C. W. Newton

DECEMBER 1954C. W. NEWTON449FRONTOGENESIS AND FRONTOLYSIS AS ATHREE-DIMENSIONAL PROCESS By C. W. NewtonWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution 1 and University of Chicago 2.3 (Manuscript received 12 May 1954)ABSTRACTA detailed analysis is presented to show the atmospheric structure during the earlier formative stagesof a deep, upper trough. Over the western United States, a well-marked west-east frontal layer extendsthrough the whole troposphere; in upper levels, this disappears

Full access
George Tai-Jen Chen
,
Chung-Chieh Wang
, and
An-Hsiang Wang

over southern China but temperatures there were only 18°–21°C ( Figs. 8f , 1c ), a clear indication for the existence of CAA at low levels. 4. Frontogenetical function and processes Using the method described in section 2b , the 2D frontogenetical function of Ninomiya (1984) was calculated. The interpretation of the pattern of F in relation to the frontal thermal gradient pattern follows the principle below: intensification (weakening) of the front or frontogenesis (frontolysis) occurs when

Full access
David R. Novak
,
Brian A. Colle
, and
Ron McTaggart-Cowan

at 700 hPa beneath the upper PV elongation in the cyclone’s dry slot ( Fig. 20b ). Piecewise inversion of these anomalies confirmed that the diabatic PV anomaly in eastern New England was dominant in creating frontolysis (not shown). Frontolysis values induced by the diabatic PV anomaly at 2100 UTC 12 February were ∼25% of the total balanced frontogenesis. Thus, as with the 25 December 2002 case, a diabatic PV anomaly helped shift height falls east of the primary band, and weakened frontogenesis

Full access
David M. Schultz
and
Joseph M. Sienkiewicz

divergence: where E is the resultant deformation and β is the local angle between an isentrope and the axis of dilatation. Positive regions of frontogenesis indicate where isentropes are instantaneously being brought together by the horizontal flow, thereby increasing the horizontal potential temperature gradient. Negative regions of frontogenesis (or frontolysis) indicate where isentropes are instantaneously being spread apart by the horizontal flow, thereby weakening the horizontal potential

Full access
Shun Ohishi
,
Tomoki Tozuka
, and
Meghan F. Cronin

et al. 2008 ; Ogawa et al. 2012 ). Although the importance of SST fronts associated with western boundary currents and their extensions has been recognized, past studies did not investigate reinforcement and relaxation processes for the SST fronts, that is, frontogenesis and frontolysis, in a quantitative manner. Recently, using observational datasets and outputs from a high-resolution coupled general circulation model (CGCM), Tozuka and Cronin (2014) and Ohishi et al. (2016) quantitatively

Full access
Andrea Buzzi

to clarify the physical differences between F 2 and F 3 . The first is significant in the context of upper-level frontogenesis, although it represents only an ideal kinematic process: a pure rotation 1 of the vector ∇ 3 θ in its vertical plane, without change of its magnitude, would not be associated with frontogenesis (or frontolysis) according to F 3 . In contrast, rotation of ∇ 3 θ in the vertical plane associated with strong horizontal gradients of vertical velocity represents the

Full access
Michael J. Reeder
,
Thomas Spengler
, and
Clemens Spensberger

gradient (their Figs. 3a,b) is comparable to the pattern of climatological mean diabatic frontogenesis found here ( Fig. 3d ), with frontogenesis along the SST front, strong frontolysis on the southeastern side, and weak frontolysis on the northwestern side. Similar results were found in a general circulation model by Parfitt et al. (2016) . In the present study, however, most of the diabatic frontogenesis along the SST front is associated with no front conditions (cf. Fig. 3d with Fig. 3f

Open access
Carl M. Thomas
and
David M. Schultz

.e., frontolysis) were also created ( Fig. 12 ). The regions of frequent regions of frontolysis were similar to those for frontogenesis, although there were some minor quantitative differences (cf. Figs. 11 and 12 ). Fig . 12. Frequency of 850-hPa Petterssen frontolysis less than −0.15 K (100 km) −1 (3 h) −1 (%, colored according to scale) for (a) December, (b) March, (c) June, and (d) September. When is used in the frontogenesis function, the similarity between ) and ) is also apparent (cf. Figs

Open access
Lia Siegelman

equation of the evolution of a buoyancy gradient is given by (5) 1 2 d | ∇ b | 2 d t = F s + ∇ w ⋅ ∇ b , with w being the vertical velocity field ( Hoskins 1982 ). A positive F s indicates the presence of frontogenesis, and a negative F s indicates the presence of frontolysis (i.e., frontal destruction). The exact location of the submesoscale fronts is apparent in the buoyancy anomaly field (blue curve in Fig. 13 ), which exhibits a sharp jump down to 299 m in both fronts. The fronts are

Open access
Xiaokang Wang
,
Renjun Zhou
,
Yi Deng
,
Chunguang Cui
,
Yang Hu
,
Jingyu Wang
, and
Hua Liu

of the mei-yu front are mainly influenced by both FG3 and FG2 while the frontolysis is driven by the evaporative cooling of precipitation on the warm side of the front and the sensible heat flux on the cold side. In an effort to better understand the mei-yu front life cycle and morphology, Hu et al. (2021) derived a new frontogenesis function, decomposing the FG1 term into three parts: FG1a (heating term), FG1b (moisture term), and FG1c (lifting condensation temperature change term). Hu et al

Restricted access