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Guillaume S. Mauger and Joel R. Norris

history of forcings is an important determinant of cloud state. This can be interpreted in terms of the time scale for boundary layer adjustment, as governed by surface fluxes, entrainment and subsidence rates, and temperature and humidity profiles of the free troposphere. Accounting for previous meteorological impacts necessitates a Lagrangian perspective on cloud evolution. In addition to the study by Klein et al. (1995) , several other investigations have evaluated stratocumulus dynamics from a

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S. Ziaja

1. Introduction This paper presents the history of a computer model and decision-support system (DSS) that facilitates coordination across multiuse reservoirs while incorporating climate information (CI). The history shows that both informal and formal modes of collaborative science may be critical to develop and advance technologies that assist with climate adaptation in water and energy governance. There is an urgent need to adapt to climate change, demanding that we reexamine natural

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Preeya Mohan and Eric Strobl

activity across countries over time are readily available. 2, 3 Arguably, however, a better understanding of the effects of hurricanes beyond modern times may fill an important gap in our knowledge of the role of these storms for a number of reasons. Most obviously, it will allow us insight into an aspect of history that for civilizations in the region, hurricanes constituted an important part of life. For example, Mulcahy (2006) argues that “hurricanes shaped the mental and physical world of

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Keith L. Seitter, Jinny Nathans, and Sophie Mankins

1. Introduction This monograph is devoted to the history of research advances in the atmospheric and related oceanic and hydrologic sciences. Consistent with this goal, this chapter will concentrate on the support for the scientific research community that has been provided by the American Meteorological Society (AMS) over its first century. It is no exaggeration that AMS has played a fundamental role in advancing the science and its application. Through the efforts of thousands of volunteers

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March 1965Carl 0. Erickson and Sigmund Fritz145EARLY HISTORY OF TROPICAL STORM KATHERINE, 1963CARL 0. ERICKSON AND SIGMUND FRITZU.S. Weather Bureau, Washington, D.C.ABSTRACTThe history of the Eastern Pacific tropical cyclone, Katherine, is presented for the period Scptcmhcr X-I?,1963. It is shown that Katherine was the same storm as one which earlier had been named Jennifer.The complementary nature of surface ship observations and satellite cloud photographs is well illuatrat~ctl tythis

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Harold E. Brooks, Charles A. Doswell III, Xiaoling Zhang, A. M. Alexander Chernokulsky, Eigo Tochimoto, Barry Hanstrum, Ernani de Lima Nascimento, David M. L. Sills, Bogdan Antonescu, and Brad Barrett

’s forecasting was the source for some important developments in statistical verification of his forecasts ( Murphy 1996 ). By the end of the period leading up to 1917, the first efforts at a systematic understanding of what we now know as synoptic meteorology were undertaken at the so-called Bergen School, founded in 1917. That year also is marked by the publication of Wind- und Wasserhosen in Europa ( Wegener 1917 ), a compilation of known European tornadoes throughout history and a summary of previous

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Morris W. Foster and Emily E. Steinhilber

1. A tale of two cities New Orleans, Louisiana, and Norfolk, Virginia, both low-lying port cities with centuries-long histories, often are cited among U.S. cities that are most vulnerable to sea level rise ( Hallegatte et al. 2013 ). Both cities frequently are called out in studies that predict which urban places may be abandoned to inundation by the end of the twenty-first century ( Strauss et al. 2015 ). This is not the first time, though, that the two cities have been equated as facing a

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Alan D. Hecht

JANUARY 1983ALAN D. HECHT51Drought in the Great Plains: History of Societal ResponseALAN D. HECHTNational Climate Program Office, NOAA, Rockville, MD 20852(Manuscript received 21 April 1982, in final form 8 July 1982)ABSTRACTThe Great Plains has a long history of drought episodes which have, in some years, significantly reducedexpected crop yields. The historic evidence suggests that such droughts will probably recur in the future.The drought of the 1930's stimulated the Department of

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Harold D. Orville and Lansing J. Sloan

1148 JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES VOLUME27A Numerical Simulation of the Life HisWry of a Rainstorm HAROLD D. ORVILLE AND LANSING J. SLOAN1Institute of Atraospheric Sciences, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City(Manuscript received 2 June 1970. in revised form 19 August 1970) ABSTRACT The llfe history of a rain shower has resulted from a numerical integration

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Allan H. Murphy

of the early history of probability forecasts seems warranted. The overall purpose of this paper is to trace the early history of the recognition and treatment of uncertainty in weather forecasts in somewhat greater detail than has been attempted heretofore. In describing these early developments, an effort is made to distinguish between different approaches to the treatment of uncertainty as well as different interpretations of the forecasts themselves. This historical study helps to clarify the

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