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Kathleen Sherman-Morris, Holly Lussenden, Alexandra Kent, and Caroline MacDonald

emphasis in the scientific community on the importance of interdisciplinary study, and this has not escaped the fields of meteorology and climatology. Interdisciplinary publications focusing on climate change research increased at a higher rate than all publications on climate change since the 1940s ( Xu et al. 2016 ). There has also been a somewhat successful push to integrate social science and meteorology. The Weather and Society Integrated Studies program (more commonly known as WAS*IS) was founded

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Leslie A. Duram

Research indicates that several problems hinder climate change education, including complexity of scale, strict disciplinary divisions, lack of professional training, curriculum constraints, and controversy ( Robinson 2011 ; Sharma 2012 ; Shepardson et al. 2012 ). In addition, climate change topics are multidimensional and some science teachers say they lack confidence in teaching social, policy, or action components. Despite these challenges, research underscores the importance of climate

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Maria Carmen Lemos, Hallie Eakin, Lisa Dilling, and Jessica Worl

1. Introduction Few currently deny that extreme weather and climate change are among the most pressing problems of our times. For the past hundred years, the American Meteorological Society (AMS) has supported and fostered science focusing on meteorology and climatic change, but only more recently has this effort included the social sciences ( Demuth et al. 2007 ). In this chapter, we review some of the social science currently informing our understanding of human interactions with all forms of

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Barbara Millet, Andrew P. Carter, Kenneth Broad, Alberto Cairo, Scotney D. Evans, and Sharanya J. Majumdar

decision science perspective, through a broad array of social science perspectives and methods, from ethnographic studies to computer simulation experiments. A 2018 report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, for example, acknowledges the “growing recognition that a host of social and behavioral factors affect how we prepare for, observe, predict, respond to, and are impacted by weather hazards” ( National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 2018 , p. 1). It

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Sandy Smith-Nonini

inspired structural functionalism, which fell out of favor after heavy critique by social theorists. Another reason is the polyglot complexity literature that encompasses mathematics, physics, and computer modeling. Social scientists often seek to distinguish their fields from hard sciences—especially applied fields, and classical economics—which are often derided for embracing positivist, individualistic, and technologically determinist values. This paper will be mainly concerned with complexity

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Joseph E. Trainor, Danielle Nagele, Brenda Philips, and Brittany Scott

) as part of the National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA) Engineering Research Center. The data were collected by telephone interviews with an instrument that aimed to better understand public response to tornado and severe storm warnings by bringing together knowledge from social science disciplines that focus on weather warnings. The major topics the survey addresses include 1) receipt of warnings and alerts; 2) severe storm/tornado impacts

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Singular Extreme Events and Their Attribution to Climate Change: A Climate Service–Centered Analysis

Aglaé Jézéquel, Vivian Dépoues, Hélène Guillemot, Amélie Rajaud, Mélodie Trolliet, Mathieu Vrac, Jean-Paul Vanderlinden, and Pascal Yiou

scientific field whose creation and development have been legitimized through a social utility assumption. When Allen (2003) introduced the concept of event attribution, he stated a clear motivation: to provide the basis for science-based liability. Based on EEA results, individuals faced with attributable losses could sue polluters to compensate their losses. Allen and Lord (2004 ) develop this argument further, asking “who will pay for the damaging consequences of climate change?” following the

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A. K. Pavlov, A. Meyer, A. Rösel, L. Cohen, J. King, P. Itkin, J. Negrel, S. Gerland, S. R. Hudson, P. A. Dodd, L. de Steur, S. Mathisen, N. Cobbing, and M. A. Granskog

Emerging social media platforms provide great opportunities for research groups to effectively communicate Earth and climate sciences to the general public. “Science is not finished until it is communicated.” —Sir Mark Walport, former Government Chief Scientific Adviser in the United Kingdom Humankind faces several major challenges, of which climate change and its consequences are among the most perilous [ United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 2015 ]. Options for

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Tyler A. Beeton and Shannon M. McNeeley

Science Center. DRAI researchers conducted place-based, in-depth social–ecological system vulnerability assessments to document drought impacts, risks, responses, and barriers among Department of the Interior (DOI), tribal, and other land and resource managers. We employed a determinants and analog approach to vulnerability assessment ( Ford et al. 2010 ; Smit and Pilifosova 2003 ; McNeeley and Shulski 2011 ; Smit and Wandel 2006 ; Füssel and Klein 2006 ; Beeton et al. 2019 ). A determinants

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Scott E. Kalafatis, Julie C. Libarkin, Kyle Powys Whyte, and Chris Caldwell

often emphasize the relationship among social identities, their formation over time, and boundary setting and maintenance ( Whyte et al. 2018 ). This is true contemporarily regarding tribal governments in boundary roles ( Bruyneel 2007 ) and in intellectual traditions such as clan identity ( Bohaker 2010 ). Indigenous science studies scholars, such as Megan Bang and her collaborators ( Bang et al. 2007 ; Medin and Bang 2014 ), have investigated differences in how indigenous and nonindigenous

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