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Jody M. Klymak and James N. Moum

Moum 1994 ; D’Asaro 1995 ; Alford and Gregg 2001 ), and the tides (i.e., St. Laurent and Garrett 2002 ; Rudnick et al. 2003 ; Polzin 2004 ), through an internal wave continuum to turbulence. Thus, in most conceptual models, turbulence and internal waves are directly coupled. Wavenumber spectra are often used to statistically characterize internal wave and turbulent motions. Different physics dominate at different wavenumbers, so spectra are divided into subranges. The most general division is

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G. P. Klaassen

) published their own independent analyses for the case of atmospheric internal waves, clarifying and adjusting the AJ89 procedure but nevertheless confirming its general results. To elucidate the physical processes underlying AJ89 ’s complex theory, Eckermann (1999 , hereafter E99) developed a simple kinematic advection model based on superpositions of four standing pairs of hydrostatic sinusoidal Lagrangian waves. He found that this model was capable of producing Eulerian tail spectra of m −3

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G. P. Klaassen

1. Introduction At scales appropriate for internal gravity waves, Eulerian spectra of temperature and horizontal velocity perturbations in the ocean and middle atmosphere exhibit nearly universal shapes ( Garrett and Munk 1975 ; Gargett et al. 1981 ; VanZandt 1982 ; Smith et al. 1987 ). At large vertical wavenumbers m , the average power spectral density (PSD) of horizontal Eulerian wind fluctuations in the atmosphere conforms to the power law E u ( m ) = αN   2 m −3 , where N is the

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Donald T. Resio and William Perrie

-generation models can be significantly impaired by the lack of fidelity in the DIA. Consistent with this expectation, considerable evidence has now accumulated showing that third-generation models do not yield appropriate results for situations when winds blow at oblique angles near a coast or for the case of narrow water bodies ( Donelan 1980 ; Donelan et al. 1985 ; Pettersson 2004 ). The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new concept for approximating nonlinear transfers within wave spectra, the two

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Douglas M. A. Jones

OCTOBER 1992 NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE 1219Raindrop Spectra at the GroundDOUGLAS M. A. JONESChampaign, Illinois17 July 1990 and 13 February 1992ABSTRACT Volume samples of raindrop spectra (26 865 m3) recorded at ten widely dispersed sites from the tropics tothe Aleutian Islands yielded spectra with dominant modes in the range 0.8-1.6 mm. Peaks at the 0.9-mmdiameter were found but were not significantly more

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Michael L. Banner

966 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUME20Equilibrium Spectra of Wind Waves MICHAEL L. BANNERSchool of Mathematics, University of New South Wales, Kensington, N.S. W., Australia(Manuscript received 25 July 1989, in final form 14 December 1989) ABSTRACT Equilibrium spectral behavior for ocean gravity wind waves has been investigated actively over the past

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G. S. Young

VOL. 44, NO. 9 JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES 1 MAY 1987 Mixed Layer Spectra from Aircraft Measurements G. S. YOUNG* Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (Manuscript ~eceived 10 December 1985, in final form 4 November 1986) ABSTRACT Vertical velocity and temperature spectra from the 1978 Phoenix

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P. B. Hays and R. G. Roble

NOWMBE~ 1968 P. B. HAYS AND R. G. ROBLE 1141Stellar Spectra and Atmospheric Composition P. B. HAYS AND R. G. ROBLEDept. of Aerospace t~ngineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor(Manuscript received 16 January 1968, in revised form 22 July 1968)ABSTRACT The distortions to the image and spectrum of a star being observed during occultation from a satellite arediscussed. The primary distortions are

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Louis J. Battan and John B. Theiss

SEPTEMBER 1972 LOUIS J. BATTAN AND JOHN B. THEISS 1001Observed Doppler Spectra of HaiP Lores J. BATTAN AND JOHN B. Tag~ssInstitute of Atmospheric -hysics, The University of Arizona, Tucson 85721(Manuscript received 21 February 1972, in revised form 19 May 1972)ABSTRACT Observations of Doppler spectra from particles 610 m above the ground were obtained by means of avertically pointing X

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Richard S. Lindzen

JULY1974 NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE 1447NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE Wave-CISK and Tropical Spectra RICtARD S. LINDZEN Center for Earth and Planetary Physics, ttarvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 02138 i March 1974 ABSTRACT An equivalent depth of 10 m for the oscillations of the tropical atmosphere was suggested by wave-CISKcalculations. It is

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