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Alexey Fedorov, Marcelo Barreiro, Giulio Boccaletti, Ronald Pacanowski, and S. George Philander

northern Atlantic and western Europe. Recently, Fedorov et al. (2004) demonstrated, by means of an idealized general circulation model configured for the size of the Pacific Ocean basin, that a similar freshening can also affect the shallow, wind-driven circulation of the ventilated thermocline and its heat transport from regions of gain (mainly in the upwelling zones of low latitudes) to regions of loss in higher latitudes. A freshening that decreases the surface density gradient between low and

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Harald Svendsen and Rory O. R. Y. Thompson

JULY 1978 HARALD SVENDSEN AND RORY O. R. Y. THOMPSON 703Wind-Driven Circulation in a Fjord HARALD SVENDSENGeophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway RORY O. R. Y. THOMPSONCSIRO Division of Atmospheric Physics, Aspendale, Australia(Manuscript received 27 June 1977, in final form 7 March 1978)ABSTRACT Currents, temperature, salinity, wind

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George Veronis

1920 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUMECirculation Driven by Winds and Sudace Cooling GEORGE VERONISDepartment of Geology and Geophysics. Yale University. New Haven, Connecticut(Manuscript received 7 March 1988, in final form 1 i July 1988) A three-layer model of ocean circulation in a Northern Hemisphere basin is driven by winds that are anticyclonicin the south and cyclonic in the north

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J. H. LaCasce and P. E. Isachsen

et al. 2002b ; Quartly and Srokosz 2004 ). These “Mozambique eddies” account for a large portion of the highly variable transport in the Mozambique Channel ( Ridderinkhof and De Ruijter 2003 ). The southwest Indian Ocean is thus a region of substantial variability. A number of authors have modeled the currents here, both analytically and numerically. The focus has been mostly on the retroflection of the Agulhas Current. In his seminal study of the linear, wind-driven circulation in the southern

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Xiaohui Xie, Ming Li, and William C. Boicourt

of the lateral circulation in a tidally driven stratified estuary is not solely governed by the Ekman dynamics in the bottom boundary layer but depends on the three-way balance among the tilting of planetary vorticity by the vertical shear in the along-channel current, lateral baroclinic forcing, and turbulent diffusion. Along-channel winds can also generate lateral circulation via lateral Ekman transport in the surface layer of estuaries. They can drive upwelling/downwelling flows and transport

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Guihua Wang, Rui Xin Huang, Jilan Su, and Dake Chen

1. Introduction The oceanic general circulation is a very complicated dynamic system because it consists of many interacting components. In the past, the common practice was to study these components in isolation. As a result, for a long time the theories of wind-driven circulation, thermohaline circulation, and tides were developed as independent dynamic entities with no interactions between components. For example, the upper ocean circulation is often thought to be wind-driven, excluding the

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Dong-Ping Wang

564 JOURNAL OF pHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUM-9'Wind-Driven Circulation in the Chesapeake Bay, Winter. 1975 DONG-PING WANGChesapeake Bay Institute, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore MD 21218(Manuscript received 31 July ]978, in final form 18 December 1978)ABSTRACT Nontidal circulation in Chesapeake Bay was examined from one-month current records at 50 and200 km from the entrance. The monthly

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Claudia Pasquero and Eli Tziperman

circulation (THC) and the wind-driven circulation (WDC). Observations indeed link interdecadal sea surface temperature variability to the overturning meridional circulation variability ( Kushnir 1994 ); the variability of the horizontal wind-driven circulation plays a role in observed variability on time scales of about a year and longer ( Dijkstra 2000 ). There have been numerous studies of the separate variability of the WDC and the THC, using a hierarchy of models from simple box models to full ocean

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David P. Marshall and Helen R. Pillar

force F and the pressure gradient forces ∇ p F established to maintain continuity and satisfy the kinematic boundary condition. In this paper, we develop a mathematical framework for the rotational momentum balance in both two-dimensional and three-dimensional hydrostatic regimes. We illustrate the approach by diagnosing the relevant rotational forces for a range of classical oceanographic problems: barotropic Rossby waves, barotropic wind-driven circulation, a baroclinic front, and the

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Jason H. Middleton and Richard E. Thomson

DECEMBER 1985 JASON H. MIDDLETON AND RICHARD E. THOMSON 1809Steady Wind-Driven Coastal Circulation on a ~-Plane JASON H. MIDDLETONFaculty of Science, University of New South Wales, Kensington, N.S.W. 2033, ~lustralia RICHARD E. THOMSON Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, BC, Canada V8L4B2 (Manuscript received 13 February 1984, in final form 10 July 1985)ABSTRACT In tropical regions, and for

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