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Table 1.

Horizontal resolution and forcing fields for the historical and AMIP runs in CMIP5, with full model expansions. The horizontal resolution is the lat grid number multiplied by the lon grid number, and they are categorized into either low (<16 200) or high (>16 200) resolution groups according to their total grid number. The asterisk indicates that both the AGCM and CGCM runs are included and the forcing fields in the upper and lower lines for CGCM and AGCM, respectively. The abbreviations Nat, Ant, GHG, SD, SI, SA, TO, SO, Oz, LU, SI, VI, SS, Ds, BC, MD, OC, and AA denote the natural forcing (solar and volcanic), anthropogenic forcing (well-mixed greenhouse gases, aerosols, ozone, and land use change), well-mixed greenhouse gases, anthropogenic sulfate direct effects, anthropogenic sulfate indirect effects, anthropogenic sulfate direct and indirect effects, tropospheric ozone, stratospheric ozone, tropospheric and stratospheric ozone, land use change, solar irradiance, volcanic aerosol, sea salt, dust, black carbon, mineral carbon, and anthropogenic aerosols, respectively.

Horizontal resolution and forcing fields for the historical and AMIP runs in CMIP5, with full model expansions. The horizontal resolution is the lat grid number multiplied by the lon grid number, and they are categorized into either low (<16 200) or high (>16 200) resolution groups according to their total grid number. The asterisk indicates that both the AGCM and CGCM runs are included and the forcing fields in the upper and lower lines for CGCM and AGCM, respectively. The abbreviations Nat, Ant, GHG, SD, SI, SA, TO, SO, Oz, LU, SI, VI, SS, Ds, BC, MD, OC, and AA denote the natural forcing (solar and volcanic), anthropogenic forcing (well-mixed greenhouse gases, aerosols, ozone, and land use change), well-mixed greenhouse gases, anthropogenic sulfate direct effects, anthropogenic sulfate indirect effects, anthropogenic sulfate direct and indirect effects, tropospheric ozone, stratospheric ozone, tropospheric and stratospheric ozone, land use change, solar irradiance, volcanic aerosol, sea salt, dust, black carbon, mineral carbon, and anthropogenic aerosols, respectively.
Horizontal resolution and forcing fields for the historical and AMIP runs in CMIP5, with full model expansions. The horizontal resolution is the lat grid number multiplied by the lon grid number, and they are categorized into either low (<16 200) or high (>16 200) resolution groups according to their total grid number. The asterisk indicates that both the AGCM and CGCM runs are included and the forcing fields in the upper and lower lines for CGCM and AGCM, respectively. The abbreviations Nat, Ant, GHG, SD, SI, SA, TO, SO, Oz, LU, SI, VI, SS, Ds, BC, MD, OC, and AA denote the natural forcing (solar and volcanic), anthropogenic forcing (well-mixed greenhouse gases, aerosols, ozone, and land use change), well-mixed greenhouse gases, anthropogenic sulfate direct effects, anthropogenic sulfate indirect effects, anthropogenic sulfate direct and indirect effects, tropospheric ozone, stratospheric ozone, tropospheric and stratospheric ozone, land use change, solar irradiance, volcanic aerosol, sea salt, dust, black carbon, mineral carbon, and anthropogenic aerosols, respectively.
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