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Table 4.

Time- and domain-average LWP (g m−2), IWP (g m−2), and time-average areal fraction of liquid water, Fl (no units), for the various sensitivity simulations. Values of Fl are calculated by assuming each grid cell has an instantaneous liquid fraction of 1 if the LWP exceeds 1 g m−2, and 0 otherwise. M05 Fs indicates the sensitivity test with zero surface turbulent flux of water vapor, NIN/10 indicates sensitivity tests with ice nuclei number concentration reduced by a factor of 10, N0/10 indicates sensitivity tests with the snow size distribution intercept parameter reduced by a factor of 10, both/10 indicates sensitivity tests with both N0 and NIN reduced by a factor of 10, and thresh indicates the sensitivity test allowing ice nucleation at temperatures >253 K only when liquid water is present.

Time- and domain-average LWP (g m−2), IWP (g m−2), and time-average areal fraction of liquid water, Fl (no units), for the various sensitivity simulations. Values of Fl are calculated by assuming each grid cell has an instantaneous liquid fraction of 1 if the LWP exceeds 1 g m−2, and 0 otherwise. M05 Fs indicates the sensitivity test with zero surface turbulent flux of water vapor, NIN/10 indicates sensitivity tests with ice nuclei number concentration reduced by a factor of 10, N0/10 indicates sensitivity tests with the snow size distribution intercept parameter reduced by a factor of 10, both/10 indicates sensitivity tests with both N0 and NIN reduced by a factor of 10, and thresh indicates the sensitivity test allowing ice nucleation at temperatures >253 K only when liquid water is present.
Time- and domain-average LWP (g m−2), IWP (g m−2), and time-average areal fraction of liquid water, Fl (no units), for the various sensitivity simulations. Values of Fl are calculated by assuming each grid cell has an instantaneous liquid fraction of 1 if the LWP exceeds 1 g m−2, and 0 otherwise. M05 Fs indicates the sensitivity test with zero surface turbulent flux of water vapor, NIN/10 indicates sensitivity tests with ice nuclei number concentration reduced by a factor of 10, N0/10 indicates sensitivity tests with the snow size distribution intercept parameter reduced by a factor of 10, both/10 indicates sensitivity tests with both N0 and NIN reduced by a factor of 10, and thresh indicates the sensitivity test allowing ice nucleation at temperatures >253 K only when liquid water is present.
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