The Two-Dimensional URBMET Urban Boundary Layer Model

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  • 1 Department of Meteorology, San Jose State University, San Jose, Calif. 95192.
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Abstract

A two-dimensional, non-steady model of the flow over an infinitely wide, warm, rough city is presented. The model consists of two layers, a lower analytical constant-flux layer, and an upper finite-difference transition layer, in which the vorticity and heat conduction equations are solved. The atmosphere is assumed to be Boussinesq, hydrostatic and slab symmetric, while all motions are assumed to be adiabatic. Finite-difference solutions are obtained over a variable, interlaced grid, with the use of a time-splitting technique, in conjunction with the donor cell method of differencing the advection terms.

Simulations were carried out reproducing the daytime flow of a neutral atmosphere over a rough city, and the nighttime flow of stable atmosphere over a rough, warm city. Comparisons are presented to show that the model is capable of reproducing many of the observed characteristics of the urban boundary layer.

Abstract

A two-dimensional, non-steady model of the flow over an infinitely wide, warm, rough city is presented. The model consists of two layers, a lower analytical constant-flux layer, and an upper finite-difference transition layer, in which the vorticity and heat conduction equations are solved. The atmosphere is assumed to be Boussinesq, hydrostatic and slab symmetric, while all motions are assumed to be adiabatic. Finite-difference solutions are obtained over a variable, interlaced grid, with the use of a time-splitting technique, in conjunction with the donor cell method of differencing the advection terms.

Simulations were carried out reproducing the daytime flow of a neutral atmosphere over a rough city, and the nighttime flow of stable atmosphere over a rough, warm city. Comparisons are presented to show that the model is capable of reproducing many of the observed characteristics of the urban boundary layer.

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