A Theoretical Study of the St. Louis Heat Island: The Wind and Temperature Distribution

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Abstract

A three-dimensional primitive equation model was used to study the St. Louis heat island. In this paper, the influence of synoptic wind speed and wind direction on the heat island is presented. With respect to the synoptic wind speed, it was found that the temperature and wind distribution associated with the St. Louis heat island changed markedly as the wind speed increased. When the synoptic wind speed was small, the intensity of the heat island was independent of the wind direction. However, for large synoptic wind speeds, the intensity of the heat island changed, and the change was dependent on the wind direction. These changes were due to the influence of the local topography.

Abstract

A three-dimensional primitive equation model was used to study the St. Louis heat island. In this paper, the influence of synoptic wind speed and wind direction on the heat island is presented. With respect to the synoptic wind speed, it was found that the temperature and wind distribution associated with the St. Louis heat island changed markedly as the wind speed increased. When the synoptic wind speed was small, the intensity of the heat island was independent of the wind direction. However, for large synoptic wind speeds, the intensity of the heat island changed, and the change was dependent on the wind direction. These changes were due to the influence of the local topography.

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