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The Effects of Water Vapor, Ozone and Aerosol on Atmospheric Turbidity

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  • a Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff 86001
  • | b Charles F. Kettering Foundation, Dayton, Ohio 45429
  • | c Museum of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff 86001
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Abstract

Direct solar radiation intensity was measured with an Eppley sun photometer at 380 and 500 nm near Page, Ariz. The turbidity coefficient B derived from these measurements was anomalous, B380 < B500. This unusual condition seems to be caused by a combination of an appreciable amount of water vapor in very clean tropospheric air plus an almost monodisperse stratospheric aerosol. We recommend the inclusion of a water vapor term in the basic turbidity equation.

Abstract

Direct solar radiation intensity was measured with an Eppley sun photometer at 380 and 500 nm near Page, Ariz. The turbidity coefficient B derived from these measurements was anomalous, B380 < B500. This unusual condition seems to be caused by a combination of an appreciable amount of water vapor in very clean tropospheric air plus an almost monodisperse stratospheric aerosol. We recommend the inclusion of a water vapor term in the basic turbidity equation.

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