Lagrangian and Eulerian Time-Scale Relations in the Daytime Boundary Layer

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  • 1 Air Resources, Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Laboratory, NOAA, Oak Ridge, TN 37830
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Abstract

Lagrangian (neutral balloon) and Eulerian (tower and aircraft) turbulence observations were made in the daytime mixed layer near Boulder, Colorado. Average sampling time was ∼25 min. Average Lagrangian time scale is ∼70 s and average ratio of Lagrangian to Eulerian time scales (β = TL/TE) is about 1.7. The ratio β is inversely proportional to turbulence intensity i. These data support the formula β = 0.7/i. Lagrangian time scale for the vertical component of turbulence at heights above ∼100 m is given by the formula TL = 0.17zi/σμ where zi is mixing depth. This formula is valid for the horizontal components of turbulence at all heights in the mixed layer. Lagrangian spectra in the inertial subrange are best represented by the formula Fr(n) = 0.2εn−2.

Abstract

Lagrangian (neutral balloon) and Eulerian (tower and aircraft) turbulence observations were made in the daytime mixed layer near Boulder, Colorado. Average sampling time was ∼25 min. Average Lagrangian time scale is ∼70 s and average ratio of Lagrangian to Eulerian time scales (β = TL/TE) is about 1.7. The ratio β is inversely proportional to turbulence intensity i. These data support the formula β = 0.7/i. Lagrangian time scale for the vertical component of turbulence at heights above ∼100 m is given by the formula TL = 0.17zi/σμ where zi is mixing depth. This formula is valid for the horizontal components of turbulence at all heights in the mixed layer. Lagrangian spectra in the inertial subrange are best represented by the formula Fr(n) = 0.2εn−2.

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