A Comparison of NMC and GWC Analysis Field Temperatures with Aircraft Measurements

William H. Jasperson Control Data Corporation, Minneapolis, MN 55440

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Gregory D. Nastrom Control Data Corporation, Minneapolis, MN 55440

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Abstract

Comparison between in situ aircraft observations of temperature and National Meteorological Center and Global Weather Central analysis fields of temperature is presented for a continental and oceanic flight route. The standard deviations of the temperature differences over several hundred flights are found to be 2.5 and 3.5°C for the continental and oceanic route, respectively. A bias towards warm temperatures of about 0.85°C for the analysis fields was found for the oceanic route. Only small differences are found between the NMC and GWC analysis field temperatures.

Abstract

Comparison between in situ aircraft observations of temperature and National Meteorological Center and Global Weather Central analysis fields of temperature is presented for a continental and oceanic flight route. The standard deviations of the temperature differences over several hundred flights are found to be 2.5 and 3.5°C for the continental and oceanic route, respectively. A bias towards warm temperatures of about 0.85°C for the analysis fields was found for the oceanic route. Only small differences are found between the NMC and GWC analysis field temperatures.

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