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HIPLEX-1: Experimental Design and Response Variables

Paul L. SmithInstitute of Atmospheric Sciences, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD 57701

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Arnett S. DennisDivision of Atmospheric Resources Research, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO 80225

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Bernard A. SilvermanDivision of Atmospheric Resources Research, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO 80225

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Arlin B. SuperU.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Montrose, CO 81401

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Edmond W. Holroyd IIIU.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Montrose, CO 81401

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William A. CooperUniversity of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82070

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Paul W. Mielke Jr.Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523

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Kenneth J. BerryColorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523

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Harold D. OrvilleInstitute of Atmospheric Sciences, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD 57701

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James R. Miller Jr.Institute of Atmospheric Sciences, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD 57701

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Abstract

The design and conduct of HIPLEX-1, a randomized seeding experiment carried out on small cumulus congestus clouds in eastern Montana, are outlined. The seeding agent was dry ice, introduced in an effort to produce microphysical effects, especially the earlier formation of precipitation in the seeded clouds. The earlier formation was expected to increase both the probability and the amount of precipitation from those small clouds with short lifetimes. The experimental unit selection procedure, treatment and randomization procedures, the physical hypothesis, measurement procedures and the response variables defined for the experiment are discussed. Procedures used to calculate the response variables from aircraft and radar measurements are summarized and the values of those variables for the 20 HIPLEX-1 test cases from 1979 and 1980 are tabulated.

Abstract

The design and conduct of HIPLEX-1, a randomized seeding experiment carried out on small cumulus congestus clouds in eastern Montana, are outlined. The seeding agent was dry ice, introduced in an effort to produce microphysical effects, especially the earlier formation of precipitation in the seeded clouds. The earlier formation was expected to increase both the probability and the amount of precipitation from those small clouds with short lifetimes. The experimental unit selection procedure, treatment and randomization procedures, the physical hypothesis, measurement procedures and the response variables defined for the experiment are discussed. Procedures used to calculate the response variables from aircraft and radar measurements are summarized and the values of those variables for the 20 HIPLEX-1 test cases from 1979 and 1980 are tabulated.

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