SAGE I and SAM II Measurements of 1 μm Aerosol Extinction in the Free Troposphere

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  • 1 Science and Technology Corporation, Hampton, Virginia
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Abstract

The SAGE-I and SAM-II satellite sensors were designed to measure, with global coverage, the 1 μm extinction produced by the stratospheric aerosol. In the absence of high altitude clouds, similar measurements may be made for the free tropospheric aerosol. Median extinction values at middle and high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, for altitudes between 5 and 10 km, are found to be one-half to one order of magnitude greater than values at corresponding latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere. In addition, a seasonal increase by a factor of 1.5–2 was observed in both hemispheres, in 1979–80, in local spring and summer. Following major volcanic eruptions, a long-lived enhancement of the aerosol extinction is observed for altitudes above 5 km.

Abstract

The SAGE-I and SAM-II satellite sensors were designed to measure, with global coverage, the 1 μm extinction produced by the stratospheric aerosol. In the absence of high altitude clouds, similar measurements may be made for the free tropospheric aerosol. Median extinction values at middle and high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, for altitudes between 5 and 10 km, are found to be one-half to one order of magnitude greater than values at corresponding latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere. In addition, a seasonal increase by a factor of 1.5–2 was observed in both hemispheres, in 1979–80, in local spring and summer. Following major volcanic eruptions, a long-lived enhancement of the aerosol extinction is observed for altitudes above 5 km.

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