Mass and Momentum Balance in the Brush Creek Drainage Flow Determined from Single-Profile Data

Ronald J. Dobosy Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division, NOAA/ARL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

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K. Shankar Rao Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division, NOAA/ARL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

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John W. Przybylowicz Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division, NOAA/ARL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

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Richard M. Eckman Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division, NOAA/ARL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

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Rayford P. Hosker Jr. Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division, NOAA/ARL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

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Abstract

Fluxes and flux-divergences of mass and momentum in Brush Creek Valley, computed from measurements taken by Tethersondes and Doppler sodars in the 1984 ASCOT experiment, are presented. Estimates of mass influx from open sidewalls in Brush Creek, derived from concurrent tower measurements, are also given. Mass and momentum fluxes calculated from single-profile data were within a factor of 1.5 of those obtained by integrating Doppler lidar data. Flux-divergences for budget calculations should be derived from a Doppler lidar or equivalent remote sensor data, because single-profile measurements were found to have sampling errors which are too large for reliable flux divergence estimates. The mass influx from the sidewalls was insufficient to account for the mass flux-divergence in the main valley. This imbalance in the drainage flow mass budget is speculated to be due to the inflow from the small box-canyon tributaries, rather than from subsidence of air above the main valley.

Abstract

Fluxes and flux-divergences of mass and momentum in Brush Creek Valley, computed from measurements taken by Tethersondes and Doppler sodars in the 1984 ASCOT experiment, are presented. Estimates of mass influx from open sidewalls in Brush Creek, derived from concurrent tower measurements, are also given. Mass and momentum fluxes calculated from single-profile data were within a factor of 1.5 of those obtained by integrating Doppler lidar data. Flux-divergences for budget calculations should be derived from a Doppler lidar or equivalent remote sensor data, because single-profile measurements were found to have sampling errors which are too large for reliable flux divergence estimates. The mass influx from the sidewalls was insufficient to account for the mass flux-divergence in the main valley. This imbalance in the drainage flow mass budget is speculated to be due to the inflow from the small box-canyon tributaries, rather than from subsidence of air above the main valley.

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