We would like to thank T. Schroeder, S. Businger, and G. Barnes for their helpful comments and suggestions; Z.-P. Yu for providing the tropical cyclone data; and G. Trapp of the former Central Pacific Hurricane Center of the National Weather Service (NWS) in Honolulu for his encouragement on this research topic. Comments made by an anonymous reviewer were helpful. This study has been funded by the Federal Emergency and Management Agency via Hawaii State Civil Defense. JXW was supported by the NWS Pacific fellowship to the Department of Meteorology at the University of Hawaii through a NOAA cooperative agreement.
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