We thank Drs. Chris Landsea and Mark Powell of HRD for their helpful suggestions and comments for improving this paper. Sam Houston of HRD supplied the data used to analyze Hurricane Bob, and Tom Ross of NCDC provided data for several of the other landfalling storms used in this study. Armando Ballart of the MAST academy provided data reduction and analysis assistance, and Bob Kohler of HRD provided computer programming support. Ed Rahn of HRD and Jay Harris of the PHOD division of AOML provided some of the aircraft and topographical data used in this study, respectively. The first author benefited from discussions with Drs. Frank Marks and Mark Powell of HRD about various aspects of this paper. The constructive reviews of Lance Leslie and two anonymous reviewers improved the clarity of this manuscript. This research was partially funded by a grant from FEMA under the direction of William Massey.
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