We thank Prof. Tetsuzo Yasunari (currently at Nagoya University), Prof. Hiroshi L. Tanaka, and Adjunct Prof. Akio Kitoh (additionally affiliated with the Meteorological Research Institute of Japan) of the University of Tsukuba for their comments. We thank Dr. Hiromaru Hirakuchi, Dr. Nobukazu Tanaka and Dr. Yoshikatsu Yoshida of the Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry and Dr. Andrew Crook and Dr. Fei Chen of the National Center for Atmospheric Research for their encouragement and support. Special thanks go to Dr. Mathias W. Rotach of the Swiss Federal Office for Meteorology and Climatology for his prereview. The prereview of Mr. Shree Khare of Princeton University and Ms. Kyoko Ikeda and Dr. Mukul Tewari of the National Center for Atmospheric Research helped to clarify parts of the paper. Free software of Generic Mapping Tools was used in drawing the figures.
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