The support of the research sponsors, the Oceanographer of the Navy through the program office Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command, PMW-150 under program element PE-0603207N, and the Office of Naval Research under program element PE-0602435N is gratefully acknowledged. We also thank our NOAA–NASA partners in the Near Real Time Processing Effort for providing Terra and Aqua datasets that are critical to the operational support of the DoD, as well as the Space, Science, and Engineering Center (SSEC) at the University of Madison—Wisconsin for providing direct-broadcast MODIS supporting this research.
Ackerman, S A., , K I. Strabala, , W P. Menzel, , R A. Frey, , C C. Moeller, , and L E. Gumley. 1998. Discriminating clear sky from clouds with MODIS. J. Geophys. Res. 103:32141–32157.
Allen, R C., , P A. Durkee, , and C H. Wash. 1990. Snow/cloud discrimination with multispectral satellite measurements. J. Appl. Meteor. 29:994–1004.
Basist, A., , D. Garrett, , R. Ferraro, , N. Grody, , and K. Mitchell. 1996. A comparison between snow cover products derived from visible and microwave observations. J. Appl. Meteor. 35:163–177.
d’Entremont, R P., and L W. Thomason. 1987. Interpreting meteorological satellite images using a color composite technique. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 68:762–768.
Dozier, J. 1989. Remote sensing of snow in visible and near-infrared wavelengths. Theory and Applications of Optical Remote Sensing, G. Asrar, Ed., John Wiley and Sons, 527–547.
Gao, B-C., , Y J. Kaufman, , W. Han, , and W. Wiscombe. 1998. Correction of thin cirrus path radiances in the 0.4-1.0 μm spectral region using the sensitive 1.375 μm cirrus detecting channel. J. Geophys. Res. 103:32169–32176.
Hall, D K., , G A. Riggs, , V V. Salomonson, , N E. DiGirolamo, , and K J. Bayr. 2002. MODIS snow-cover products. Remote Sens. Environ. 83:181–194.
Hutchison, K D., and N J. Choe. 1996. Application of 1.38 μm imagery for thin cirrus detection in daytime imagery collected over land surfaces. Int. J. Remote Sens. 17:3325–3342.
Kidder, S Q., and H-T. Wu. 1984. Dramatic contrast between low clouds and snow cover in daytime 3.7 μm imagery. Mon. Wea. Rev. 112:2345–2346.
Lee, T F., , F J. Turk, , and K. Richardson. 1997. Stratus and fog products using GOES-8–9 3.9-μm data. Wea. Forecasting 12:664–677.
McCrone, P J. 2003. Theater snow depth estimates for Department of Defense applications. Preprints, 12th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, Long Beach, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., CD-ROM, JP1.16.
Miller, S D., , F J. Turk, , T F. Lee, , K. Richardson, , and J D. Hawkins. 2002. The enhanced role of the polar orbiter constellation in tropical system monitoring in the wake of a geostationary platform failure. Preprints, 25th Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, San Diego, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., CD-ROM, P1.22.
Pilewskie, P., and S. Twomey. 1987. Cloud phase discrimination by reflectance measurements near 1.6 and 2.2 μm. J. Atmos. Sci. 44:3419–3420.
Robinson, D A., , K F. Dewey, , and R R. Heim. 1993. Global snow cover monitoring: An update. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 74:1689–1696.
Romanov, P., , G. Gutman, , and I. Csiszar. 2000. Automated monitoring of snow cover over North America with multispectral data. J. Appl. Meteor. 39:1866–1880.
Schmetz, J., , S A. Tjemkes, , M. Gube, , and L. van de Berg. 1997. Monitoring deep convection and convective overshooting tops with Meteosat. Adv. Space Res. 19:433–441.
Schmetz, J., , P. Pili, , S. Tjemkes, , D. Just, , J. Kerkmann, , S. Rota, , and A. Ratier. 2002. An introduction to Meteosat Second Generation (MSG). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 83:977–992.
Turk, F J., and S D. Miller. 2005. Towards improved characterization of remotely sensed precipitation regimes with MODIS/AMSR-E blended data techniques. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43:1059–1069.