Author I. M. S. P. Jayawardena’s graduate studies at the University of Hawaii were funded by an East–West Center Fellowship and also by the Association of American University Women Fellowship (AAUW). This work was funded by COMET/UCAR under Grant S07-66828. The authors thank reviewers for their helpful comments, Ms. Y. Chen for providing us the Hawaii rainfall index, May Izumi and David Hitzl for editing the text, and the Joint Institute of Marine and Atmospheric Research (JIMAR)/NOAA for funding the publication costs under Cooperative Agreement NA17RJ1230/NA09OAR4320075. Figure 9 is provided by the Physical Sciences Division, NOAA/ESRL, Boulder, Colorado (obtained online at http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/).
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