This research was funded by a cooperation agreement between the University of Chile and the Chilean Ministry of Energy under Exempt Decree 249 of 2013. The measurement campaign in northern Chile was carried out by programs of the Chilean Ministry of Energy, with partial support from the German GIZ Agency (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH). Special thanks are given to Mr. Christian Santana, then at the Ministry of Energy, for the energy he put into initiating these measurement programs. The authors thank four anonymous reviewers for suggestions that improved the paper.
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