We thank Vlatko Vukičević for useful discussions about the Adriatic sirocco wind and Maja Telišman Prtenjak for providing the information about the wind sheltering at the Rab and Mali Lošinj measurement stations. Three anonymous reviewers are gratefully acknowledged for their constructive comments and suggestions. The Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service kindly provided the data from Rab and Mali Lošinj. The work was partially supported by the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports (projects BORA 119-1193086-1311 and AQCT 119-1193086-1323) and the Croatian Science Foundation (project CATURBO09/151).
Anderberg, M. R., 1973: Cluster Analysis for Applications. Academic Press, 359 pp.
Belušić, D., and Z. B. Klaić, 2006: Mesoscale dynamics, structure and predictability of a severe Adriatic bora case. Meteor. Z., 15, 157–168.
Belušić, D., and I. Güttler, 2010: Can mesoscale models reproduce meandering motions? Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 136, 553–565.
Belušić, D., M. Žagar, and B. Grisogono, 2007: Numerical simulation of pulsations in the bora wind. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 133, 1371–1388.
Burlando, M., M. Antonelli, and C. F. Ratto, 2008: Mesoscale wind climate analysis: Identification of anemological regions and wind regimes. Int. J. Climatol., 28, 629–641.
Carrera, M. L., J. R. Gyakum, and C. A. Lin, 2009: Observational study of wind channeling within the St. Lawrence River valley. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 48, 2341–2361.
Dee, D. P., and Coauthors, 2011: The ERA-Interim reanalysis: Configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 553–597.
Dorman, C. E., and Coauthors, 2006: February 2003 marine atmospheric conditions and the bora over the northern Adriatic. J. Geophys. Res., 111, C03S03, doi:10.1029/2005JC003134.
Gaberšek, S., and D. R. Durran, 2006: Gap flows through idealized topography. Part II: Effects of rotation and surface friction. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 2720–2739.
Gohm, A., and G. J. Mayr, 2005: Numerical and observational case-study of a deep Adriatic bora. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 131, 1363–1392.
Gohm, A., G. J. Mayr, A. Fix, and A. Giez, 2008: On the onset of bora and the formation of rotors and jumps near a mountain gap. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 134, 21–46.
Grisogono, B., and D. Belušić, 2009: A review of recent advances in understanding the meso- and microscale properties of the severe Bora wind. Tellus, 61A, 1–16.
Grubišić, V., and M. Orlić, 2007: Early observations of rotor clouds by Andrija Mohorovičić. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88, 693–700.
Horvath, K., Y.-L. Lin, and B. Ivančan-Picek, 2008: Classification of cyclone tracks over the Apennines and the Adriatic Sea. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 2210–2227.
Janjić, Z. I., 2002: Nonsingular implementation of the Mellor–Yamada level 2.5 scheme in the NCEP Meso model. NCEP Office Note 437, 61 pp.
Jiang, Q. F., and J. D. Doyle, 2005: Wave breaking induced surface wakes and jets observed during a Bora event. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L17807, doi:10.1029/2005GL022398.
Jiang, Q. F., J. D. Doyle, S. Wang, and R. B. Smith, 2007: On boundary layer separation in the lee of mesoscale topography. J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 401–420.
Jiménez, P. A., J. F. González-Rouco, J. P. Montávez, E. García-Bustamante, and J. Navarro, 2009: Climatology of wind patterns in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula. Int. J. Climatol., 29, 501–525.
Jurčec, V., B. Ivančan-Picek, V. Tutiš, and V. Vukičević, 1996: Severe Adriatic jugo wind. Meteor. Z.,NF 5, 67–75.
Kaufmann, P., and R. O. Weber, 1996: Classification of mesoscale wind fields in the MISTRAL field experiment. J. Appl. Meteor., 35, 1963–1979.
Kaufmann, P., and C. D. Whiteman, 1999: Cluster-analysis classification of wintertime wind patterns in the Grand Canyon region. J. Appl. Meteor., 38, 1131–1147.
Klaić, Z. B., Z. Pasarić, and M. Tudor, 2009a: On the interplay between sea–land breezes and Etesian winds over the Adriatic. J. Mar. Syst., 78, S101–S118.
Klaić, Z. B., A. D. Prodanov, and D. Belušić, 2009b: Wind measurements in Senj—Underestimation of true bora flows. Geofizika, 26, 245–252.
Lin, Y.-L., 2007: Mesoscale Dynamics. Cambridge University Press, 630 pp.
Mahrt, L., 2010: Common microfronts and other solitary events in the nocturnal boundary layer. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 136, 1712–1722.
Makjanić, B., 1978: Bura, Jugo, Etezija (in Croatian). Contributions to the Knowledge of Weather and Climate, Vol. 5, Yugoslavian Federal Meteorological Institute, 75 pp.
Nitis, T., D. Kitsiou, Z. B. Klaić, M. T. Prtenjak, and N. Moussiopoulos, 2005: The effects of basic flow and topography on the development of the sea breeze over a complex coastal environment. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 131, 305–328.
Orlić, M., B. Penzar, and I. Penzar, 1988: Adriatic sea and land breezes: Clockwise versus anticlockwise rotation. J. Appl. Meteor., 27, 675–679.
Pandžić, K., and T. Likso, 2005: Eastern Adriatic typical wind field patterns and large-scale atmospheric conditions. Int. J. Climatol., 25, 81–98.
Pasarić, Z., D. Belušić, and Z. B. Klaić, 2007: Orographic influences on the Adriatic sirocco wind. Ann. Geophys., 25, 1263–1267.
Pasarić, Z., D. Belušić, and J. Chiggiato, 2009: Orographic effects on meteorological fields over the Adriatic from different models. J. Mar. Syst., 78, S90–S100.
Pope, M., C. Jakob, and M. Reeder, 2009: Objective classification of tropical mesoscale convective systems. J. Climate, 22, 5797–5808.
Prtenjak, M. T., 2003: Main characteristics of sea/land breezes along the eastern coast of the northern Adriatic. Geofizika, 20, 75–92.
Prtenjak, M. T., and B. Grisogono, 2007: Sea-land breeze climatological characteristics along the northern Croatian Adriatic coast. Theor. Appl. Climatol., 90, 201–215.
Prtenjak, M. T., and D. Belušić, 2009: Formation of reversed lee flow over the north-eastern Adriatic during bora. Geofizika, 26, 145–155.
Prtenjak, M. T., B. Grisogono, and T. Nitis, 2006: Shallow mesoscale flows at the north-eastern Adriatic coast. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 132, 2191–2216.
Prtenjak, M. T., Z. Pasarić, M. Orlić, and B. Grisogono, 2008: Rotation of sea-land breezes along the northeastern Adriatic coast. Ann. Geophys., 26, 1711–1724.
Prtenjak, M. T., M. Viher, and J. Jurković, 2010: Sea–land breeze development during a summer bora event along the north-eastern Adriatic coast. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 136, 1554–1571.
Signell, R. P., J. Chiggiato, J. Horstmann, J. D. Doyle, J. Pullen, and F. Askari, 2010: High-resolution mapping of Bora winds in the northern Adriatic Sea using synthetic aperture radar. J. Geophys. Res., 115, C04020, doi:10.1029/2009JC005524.
Skamarock, W. C., and Coauthors, 2008: A description of the Advanced Research WRF version 3. NCAR/TN-475+STR, 113 pp.
Smith, C. M., and E. D. Skyllingstad, 2009: Investigation of upstream boundary layer influence on mountain wave breaking and lee wave rotors using a large-eddy simulation. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 3147–3164.
Stiperski, I., B. Ivančan-Picek, V. Grubišić, and A. Bajić, 2012: Complex bora flow in the lee of southern Velebit. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 138, 1490–1506.
Večenaj, Ž., D. Belušić, and B. Grisogono, 2010: Characteristics of the near-surface turbulence during a bora event. Ann. Geophys., 28, 155–163.
Večenaj, Ž., D. Belušić, and B. Grisogono, 2011: A case study of severe bora event at Vratnik Pass and Senj, NE Adriatic coast. 31st Int. Conf. on Alpine Meteorology, Aviemore, United Kingdom, European Meteorological Society.
Večenaj, Ž., D. Belušić, V. Grubišić, and B. Grisogono, 2012: Along-coast features of bora-related turbulence. Bound.-Layer Meteor., 143, 527–545.
Yoshino, M. M., 1976: Local Wind Bora. University of Tokyo Press, 289 pp.