The Mesoscale Wind Field in an Occlusion

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  • 1 Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Bedford, Mass.
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Abstract

Data from a 10-site mesoscale rawinsonde network are used to document a number of features in the wind field in a mature cyclone of moderate intensity. The general nature of, and some particular phenomena in, the mesoscale wind field are discussed. Fields of divergence and vertical velocity are presented and the ageostrophic nature of the wind shear is demonstrated.

Specific features examined include mid-tropospheric oscillations in wind direction, a low-level jet stream, the coincidence of the tropopause with an ageostrophic level of maximum wind, and the jet-front shear zone.

In view of these results from AFCRL's project Stormy Spring, some of the capabilities and limitations of mesoscale rawinsonde data are discussed.

Abstract

Data from a 10-site mesoscale rawinsonde network are used to document a number of features in the wind field in a mature cyclone of moderate intensity. The general nature of, and some particular phenomena in, the mesoscale wind field are discussed. Fields of divergence and vertical velocity are presented and the ageostrophic nature of the wind shear is demonstrated.

Specific features examined include mid-tropospheric oscillations in wind direction, a low-level jet stream, the coincidence of the tropopause with an ageostrophic level of maximum wind, and the jet-front shear zone.

In view of these results from AFCRL's project Stormy Spring, some of the capabilities and limitations of mesoscale rawinsonde data are discussed.

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