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Response of a Two-Dimensional Dual-Doppler Radar Wind Synthesis

Terence GivenDepartment of Meteorology, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida

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Peter S. RayDepartment of Meteorology, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida

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Abstract

The wind field resulting from a two-dimensional dual-Doppler synthesis algorithms is spectrally modified from the true wind field. The effects of spatial filtering on wind fields from the processes of interpolation, the averaging of pulses, and the effect of the finite radar pulse dimension were assessed. The effect resulting from the use of different interpolation techniques was also evaluated. Of those techniques tested, the best are the Cressman distance-weighted averaging and linear distance-weighted averaging, with the closest neighbor and uniform weighting having more undesirable characteristics.

The optimum influence radius is defined as the influence radius at which the ratio of the rms difference between the Fourier and least-squares responses (a measure of the aliasing) and the variance of the filtered wind field is minimized. This seeks to minimize the effect of energy aliased into scales other than the input wavelength. For the Cressman interpolation technique, the optimum influence radius is between 1.85 and 2.25 times the maximum data spacing. The range of acceptable influence radii includes consideration of the filtering by the radar of the data as it is collected, as well as the resolution of the final dataset. The optimum influence radius is dependent upon the largest data separation in the analysis domain. The absolute optimum influence radius is not significantly affected by inclusion of the radar-beam filtering effects.

Abstract

The wind field resulting from a two-dimensional dual-Doppler synthesis algorithms is spectrally modified from the true wind field. The effects of spatial filtering on wind fields from the processes of interpolation, the averaging of pulses, and the effect of the finite radar pulse dimension were assessed. The effect resulting from the use of different interpolation techniques was also evaluated. Of those techniques tested, the best are the Cressman distance-weighted averaging and linear distance-weighted averaging, with the closest neighbor and uniform weighting having more undesirable characteristics.

The optimum influence radius is defined as the influence radius at which the ratio of the rms difference between the Fourier and least-squares responses (a measure of the aliasing) and the variance of the filtered wind field is minimized. This seeks to minimize the effect of energy aliased into scales other than the input wavelength. For the Cressman interpolation technique, the optimum influence radius is between 1.85 and 2.25 times the maximum data spacing. The range of acceptable influence radii includes consideration of the filtering by the radar of the data as it is collected, as well as the resolution of the final dataset. The optimum influence radius is dependent upon the largest data separation in the analysis domain. The absolute optimum influence radius is not significantly affected by inclusion of the radar-beam filtering effects.

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