We thank Josef Cherniawsky and Isaac Fine for useful discussions and Victor Tambovsky for helping us with ice drift data. We further thank Patricia Kimber for helping draft the figures and the two anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions and comments.
Belyshev, A. P., , Klevantsov Yu P. , , and Rozhkov V. A. , 1983: Probability Analysis of the Sea Currents. (in Russian). Gidrometeoizdat, 264 pp.
Cherniawsky, J. Y., , Crawford W. R. , , Nikitin O. , , and Carmack E. C. , 2005: Bering Strait transports from satellite altimetry. J. Mar. Res., 63 , 887–900.
Fissel, D. B., , and Tang C. L. , 1991: Response of sea ice drift to wind forcing on the northeastern Newfoundland shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 96 , C10. 18397–18409.
Fowler, C. F., , Emery W. J. , , and Maslanik J. A. , 2004: Satellite-derived evolution of Arctic sea ice age: October 1978 to March 2003. IEEE Geophys. Remote Sens. Lett., 1 , 71–74.
Greenan, B. J. W., , and Prinsenberg S. J. , 1998: Wind forcing of ice cover in the Labrador shelf marginal ice zone. Atmos.–Ocean, 36 , 2. 71–93.
Pokrashenko, S. A., , Truskov P. A. , , and Yakunin L. P. , 1987: Investigation of sea-ice drift on the shelf of Sakhalin Island using the radar methods. (in Russian). Proc. (Tr.) Far Eastern Res. Inst. (DVNII), 36 , 49–52.
Preller, R. H., , and Hogan P. J. , 1998: Oceanography of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Japan/East Sea. The Sea: The Global Coastal Ocean, A. R. Robinson and K. H. Brink, Eds., Regional Studies and Syntheses, Vol. 11, John Wiley and Sons, 429–481.
Rigor, I., , and Wallace J. M. , 2004: Variations in the age of the Arctic sea-ice and summer sea-ice extent. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31 .L09401, doi:10.1029/2004GL019492.
Shevchenko, G. V., , Rabinovich A. B. , , and Thomson R. E. , 2004: Sea-ice drift on the northeastern shelf of Sakhalin Island. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34 , 2470–2491.
Tambovsky, V. S., , Tikhonchuk E. A. , , and Shevchenko G. V. , 2001: Characteristics of morphometry and dynamics of sea ice on the northeastern shelf of Sakhalin Island. 16th Int. Symp. on the Okhotsk Sea Ice, Mombetsu, Hokkaido, Japan, The Okhotsk Sea and Cold Ocean Research Association, 356–390.
Thorndike, A. S., , and Colony R. , 1982: Sea ice motion response to geostrophic winds. J. Geophys. Res., 87 , C8. 5845–5852.
Wang, D-P., , Oey L-Y. , , Ezer T. , , and Hamilton P. , 2003: Near-surface currents in DeSoto Canyon (1997–99): Comparison of current meters, satellite observation, and model simulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33 , 313–326.