The Precision and Relative Accuracy of Profiler Wind Measurements

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  • 1 NOAA/ERL/Wave Propagation Laboratory, Boulder CO 80303
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Abstract

Two independent wind profiles were measured every hour during February 1986 with a five-beam, UHF (405 MHz) wind Profiler at Platteville, Colorado. Our analysis of the horizontal wind components over all heights for the entire month gave a standard deviation of about 1.3 m s−1 for the measurement errors one can expect for three-beam Profilers in clear air. This study demonstrated that it is important to include the effects of large vertical motion (caused by gravity waves or precipitation in the horizontal wind component measurements. These vertical motions were large enough to raise the error in the horizontal wind components to 1.7 m s−1 in two-beam configurations where no corrections are made for the vertical motion.

Abstract

Two independent wind profiles were measured every hour during February 1986 with a five-beam, UHF (405 MHz) wind Profiler at Platteville, Colorado. Our analysis of the horizontal wind components over all heights for the entire month gave a standard deviation of about 1.3 m s−1 for the measurement errors one can expect for three-beam Profilers in clear air. This study demonstrated that it is important to include the effects of large vertical motion (caused by gravity waves or precipitation in the horizontal wind component measurements. These vertical motions were large enough to raise the error in the horizontal wind components to 1.7 m s−1 in two-beam configurations where no corrections are made for the vertical motion.

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