Algorithms for Determination of Rainfall Integral Parameters Using Reflectivity Factor and Mean Doppler Fall Speed at Vertical Incidence

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  • 1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina
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Abstract

Algorithms are presented that can be used to deduce rainfall integral parameters from mean Doppler velocity and reflectivity factor at vertical incidence. Simulations are performed using experimental drop-size spectra to test the accuracy of the algorithms, as well as their sensitivity to variations in the form of the drop-size distribution. It is found from these simulations that the method produces results that are very similar to those found using other dual-measurement algorithms, such as those involving the combinations (Z, A), (Z, Σ), and (ZDR, Z) where Z, A, Σ, and ZDR are the reflectivity factor, microwave attenuation, optical extinction, and differential reflectivity, respectively. However, to realize the maximum potential accuracy of the method, a reliable means of estimating the vertical winds must he available, or the measurements must be made close to the earth's surface where such effect arc minimal. An analysis is performed of the errors in integral parameters due to the presence of vertical winds.

Abstract

Algorithms are presented that can be used to deduce rainfall integral parameters from mean Doppler velocity and reflectivity factor at vertical incidence. Simulations are performed using experimental drop-size spectra to test the accuracy of the algorithms, as well as their sensitivity to variations in the form of the drop-size distribution. It is found from these simulations that the method produces results that are very similar to those found using other dual-measurement algorithms, such as those involving the combinations (Z, A), (Z, Σ), and (ZDR, Z) where Z, A, Σ, and ZDR are the reflectivity factor, microwave attenuation, optical extinction, and differential reflectivity, respectively. However, to realize the maximum potential accuracy of the method, a reliable means of estimating the vertical winds must he available, or the measurements must be made close to the earth's surface where such effect arc minimal. An analysis is performed of the errors in integral parameters due to the presence of vertical winds.

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