Characteristics of the Large-Scale Dispersion of Particles in the Southern Hemisphere

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  • 1 University of Utah, Salt Lake City
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Abstract

An analysis of the Eulerian and Lagrangian velocities at the 200-mb level in the Southern Hemisphere is made. It is found that: 1) the zonal component of the eddy diffusivity in the mid-atmosphere in the Southern Hemisphere is about 50% greater than that in the Northern, whereas the meridional component of the eddy diffusivity in the Southern Hemisphere is about 50% smaller than that in the Northern; 2) the coefficient for the Eulerian-Lagrangian time-scale transformation in the Southern Hemisphere is about 0.6 which is of the same order of magnitude as that in the Northern; 3) the autocorrelation functions and energy spectra of the Eulerian and Lagrangian velocities in the Southern Hemisphere are similar to those in the Northern; and 4) the peak of the energy spectrum of the meridional component of the Lagrangian velocity in the Southern Hemisphere occurs near the frequency 1.8 × 10−2 cycle hr−1, about the same as that in the Northern.

Abstract

An analysis of the Eulerian and Lagrangian velocities at the 200-mb level in the Southern Hemisphere is made. It is found that: 1) the zonal component of the eddy diffusivity in the mid-atmosphere in the Southern Hemisphere is about 50% greater than that in the Northern, whereas the meridional component of the eddy diffusivity in the Southern Hemisphere is about 50% smaller than that in the Northern; 2) the coefficient for the Eulerian-Lagrangian time-scale transformation in the Southern Hemisphere is about 0.6 which is of the same order of magnitude as that in the Northern; 3) the autocorrelation functions and energy spectra of the Eulerian and Lagrangian velocities in the Southern Hemisphere are similar to those in the Northern; and 4) the peak of the energy spectrum of the meridional component of the Lagrangian velocity in the Southern Hemisphere occurs near the frequency 1.8 × 10−2 cycle hr−1, about the same as that in the Northern.

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