Conditions Governing Drop Freezing at Warm Temperatures

A. S. Ramachandra Murty Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Poona

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Bh V. Ramana Murty Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Poona

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Abstract

In an attempt to investigate conditions under which ice crystals can form at comparatively warm temperatures in supercooled regions of a cloud, the scope of experiments on drop freezing, previously undertaken by the authors, has been enlarged. The results of the present extensive series of experiments have confirmed that supercooling drops, when subjected to evaporation, freeze more readily due to what has been called the “dynamic effect” of evaporation. When sodium sulphate was added to the drops in arbitrary concentration, their freezing probability also showed a significant inctease. These findings indicate that, in supercooled regions of a cloud where prevailing conditions are similar to those of the reported experiments, the ice crystal concentration should be two to three orders of magnitude higher than the existing ice nucleus concentration.

Abstract

In an attempt to investigate conditions under which ice crystals can form at comparatively warm temperatures in supercooled regions of a cloud, the scope of experiments on drop freezing, previously undertaken by the authors, has been enlarged. The results of the present extensive series of experiments have confirmed that supercooling drops, when subjected to evaporation, freeze more readily due to what has been called the “dynamic effect” of evaporation. When sodium sulphate was added to the drops in arbitrary concentration, their freezing probability also showed a significant inctease. These findings indicate that, in supercooled regions of a cloud where prevailing conditions are similar to those of the reported experiments, the ice crystal concentration should be two to three orders of magnitude higher than the existing ice nucleus concentration.

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