The Nonlinear Interactions and Maintenance of the Large-Scale Moving Waves in the Atmosphere

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  • 1 Department of Meteorology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112
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Abstract

An analysis of the linear and nonlinear interactions of atmospheric motion in the wavenumber-frequency domain indicates that the kinetic energy of the large-scale moving waves is essentially maintained by the nonlinear interactions and the pressure force. In middle latitudes where an eastward mean zonal flow prevails, the supply of kinetic energy to eastward moving waves through the nonlinear interactions is greater than the extraction of kinetic energy through the pressure force, whereas the supply of kinetic energy to westward moving waves through the pressure force is greater than the extraction of kinetic energy through the nonlinear interactions. Near the equator where a weak westward mean zonal Row occurs, the non-linear interactions generally extract kinetic energy from the eastward moving waves, but supply kinetic energy to the westward moving waves; the pressure force, however, supplies kinetic energy to both eastward and westward moving waves.

The primary contribution of the nonlinear interactions to the energy transfer in wavenumber-frequency domain is essentially through the interactions of the slowly moving waves, the stationary long waves and the zonal mean flow. The interactions between the stationary long waves and waves moving in the same (opposite) direction of the mean zonal flow generally extract (supply) kinetic energy from (to) the moving waves, whereas the interactions between the mean zonal flow and waves moving in the same (opposite) direction of the zonal flow generally supply (extract) kinetic energy to (from) the moving waves.

Abstract

An analysis of the linear and nonlinear interactions of atmospheric motion in the wavenumber-frequency domain indicates that the kinetic energy of the large-scale moving waves is essentially maintained by the nonlinear interactions and the pressure force. In middle latitudes where an eastward mean zonal flow prevails, the supply of kinetic energy to eastward moving waves through the nonlinear interactions is greater than the extraction of kinetic energy through the pressure force, whereas the supply of kinetic energy to westward moving waves through the pressure force is greater than the extraction of kinetic energy through the nonlinear interactions. Near the equator where a weak westward mean zonal Row occurs, the non-linear interactions generally extract kinetic energy from the eastward moving waves, but supply kinetic energy to the westward moving waves; the pressure force, however, supplies kinetic energy to both eastward and westward moving waves.

The primary contribution of the nonlinear interactions to the energy transfer in wavenumber-frequency domain is essentially through the interactions of the slowly moving waves, the stationary long waves and the zonal mean flow. The interactions between the stationary long waves and waves moving in the same (opposite) direction of the mean zonal flow generally extract (supply) kinetic energy from (to) the moving waves, whereas the interactions between the mean zonal flow and waves moving in the same (opposite) direction of the zonal flow generally supply (extract) kinetic energy to (from) the moving waves.

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