We thank everyone at the National Center for Atmospheric Research who contributed to the Hawaiian Rainband Project data acquisition and processing. We also wish to thank Neil Laird at the Illinois State Water Survey and Jack Su at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign for their contributions, and Bill Anderson of the National Center for Atmospheric Research for his assistance with SPRINT and CEDRIC. Computing time was provided by the National Center for Atmospheric Research, which is sponsored by the National Science Foundation. This research was sponsored by the National Science Foundation under Grants NSF ATM 9020245 and NSF ATM9223165.
Austin, G., R. M. Rauber, H. T. Ochs III, and L. J. Miller, 1996: Trade wind clouds and Hawaiian rainbands. Mon. Wea. Rev.,124, 2126–2151.
Beard, K. V., D. B. Johnson, and D. Baumgardner, 1986: Aircraft observations of large raindrops in warm, shallow, convective clouds. Geophys. Res. Lett.,19, 991–994.
Chong, M., and J. Testud, 1983: Three-dimensional wind field analysis from dual-Doppler radar data. Part III: The boundary condition: An optimum determination based on a variational concept. J. Climate Appl. Meteor.,22, 1227–1241.
Fujiwara, M., 1967: Raindrop-size distribution in warm rain as measured in Hawaii. Tellus,19, 393–402.
Lavoie, R. L., 1967: Background data for the warm rain project. Tellus,19, 348–353.
List, R. L., and J. R. Gillespie, 1976: Evolution of raindrop spectra with collision-induced breakup. J. Atmos. Sci.,33, 2007–2013.
Low, T. B., and R. List, 1982: Collision, coalescence, and breakup of raindrops. J. Atmos. Sci.,39, 1591–1618.
Miller, L. J., and R. G. Strauch, 1974: A dual-Doppler radar method for the determination of wind velocities within a precipitating weather systems. Remote Sens. Environ.,3, 219–235.
———, J. E. Dye, and B. E. Martner, 1983: Dynamical–microphysical evolution of a convective storm in a weakly sheared environment. Part II: Airflow and precipitation trajectories from Doppler radar observations. J. Atmos. Sci.,40, 2097–2109.
———, C. G. Mohr, and A. J. Weinheimer, 1986: The simple rectification to Cartesian space of folded radial velocities from Doppler radar sampling. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.,3, 162–174.
Mohr, C. G., and R. L. Vaughan, 1979: An economical procedure for Cartesian interpolation and display of reflectivity data in three-dimensional space. J. Appl. Meteor.,18, 661–670.
———, L. J. Miller, R. L. Vaughan, and H. W. Frank, 1986: The merger of mesoscale datasets into a common Cartesian format for efficient and systematic analyses. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.,3, 143–161.
Mordy, W. A., and L. E. Eber, 1954: Observations of rainfall from warm clouds. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.,80, 48–57.
Rauber, R. M., K. V. Beard, and B. M. Andrews, 1991: A mechanism for giant raindrop formation in warm, shallow, convective clouds. J. Atmos. Sci.,48, 1791–1797.
Ray, P. S., K. K. Wagner, K. W. Johnson, J. J. Stephens, W. C. Bumgarner, and E. A. Mueller, 1978: Triple-Doppler observations of a convective storm. J. Appl. Meteor.,17, 1201–1212.
———, C. L. Ziegler, W. C. Bumgarner, and R. J. Serafin, 1980: Single- and multiple-Doppler radar observations of tornadic storms. Mon. Wea. Rev.,108, 1607–1625.
Rogers, R. R., 1967: Doppler radar investigation of Hawaiian rain. Tellus,19, 433–455.
Semonin, F. G., E. A. Mueller, G. A. Stout, and D. W. Staggs, 1968: Radar analysis of warm rain showers. Tellus,20, 227–238.
Squires, P., 1952a: The growth of cloud drops by condensation I. General characteristics. Aust. J. Sci. Res.,5, 59–86.
———, 1952b: The growth of cloud drops by condensation II. The formation of large cloud drops. Aust. J. Sci. Res.,5, 473–499.
———, 1958a: The microstructure and colloidal stability of warm clouds. Part I. The relation between structure and stability. Tellus,10, 256–261.
———, 1958b: The microstructure and colloidal stability of warm clouds. Part II. The causes of the variations in the microstructure. Tellus,10, 262–271.
Takahashi, T., 1977: A study of Hawaiian warm showers based on aircraft observation. J. Atmos. Sci.,34, 1773–1790.
———, 1981: Warm rain study in Hawaii—Rain initiation. J. Atmos. Sci.,38, 347–369.
———, K. Yoneyama, and Y. Tsubota, 1989: Rain duration in Hawaiian trade wind rainbands—Aircraft observation. J. Atmos. Sci.,46, 937–955.