The authors express their appreciation to Barbara Burns for her helpful comments on the cloud-radiation database properties, to Dan Johnson for his advice on the microphysical parameterization of the WISCDYMM, and to Pete Pokrandt for his help in executing the UW-NMS simulations. SSM/I data have been provided by NASA’s WetNet Project directed by Jim Dodge. This research has been supported by Gruppo Nazionale per la Difesa dalle Catastrofi Idrogeologiche, Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, European Space Agency ESA-ESTEC Purchase Orders 142042 and 152545, and Commission of European Communities, Environment and Climate Programme 1996–1999 (Contract ENV4-CT96-0281). NATO Travel Grant CG-890894 provided essential travel support. Gregory Tripoli has been supported by NSF Grant ATM-9520606, Pao Wang by NSF Grant ATM 9314465, and Eric Smith and Xuwu Xiang by NASA Grants NAGW-3970 and NAG5-2672. A portion of the computer resources has been provided by the Supercomputer Computations Research Institute at the Florida State University under U.S. Department of Energy Contract DOE-FCO585ER250000.
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