The authors thank Dr. Vanda Grubisic and three anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions. This research was supported by the National Science Foundation Division of Atmospheric Sciences (ATM-9711076). The simulations were made using the Advanced Regional Prediction (ARPS) developed by the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms (CAPS), University of Oklahoma. CAPS is supported by the National Science Foundation and the Federal Aviation Administration. The computing was done on an SGI Origin 200 at the Yale Center for Earth Observation.
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