The authors wish to thank Kerry A. Emanuel, Lars R. Schade, and Robert L. Korty for their kind help in providing the coupled model. Thanks also go to Dr. Dong-San Ko for offering the NPACNFS data. Valuable comments from the anonymous reviewers are also appreciated. This work is supported by Grants NSC 93-2111-M-002-003 and NSC 94-2119-M-002-006-AP1.
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