The authors thank Drs. David Raymond and Roger Smith and an anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments on the manuscript. This work was supported by Dr. Ramesh Kakar at NASA Headquarters with funds from the NASA TCSP program. M. T. Montgomery was supported through Multi-Interagency Procurement Request NNG07HU17I. K. Mallen was supported through a fellowship from the Center for Earth–Atmosphere Studies, a cooperative agreement between NASA and CSU. The simulations were conducted on NASA Center for Computational Sciences facilities.
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