This work was supported by the UK National Centre for Atmospheric Science under the Weather Directorate. The author is grateful to Michael Reeder and Peter Bannon for helpful discussions. The author wishes to thank the two anonymous reviewers whose feedback led to a significant improvement on the original draft.
Bretherton, C. S., , and P. K. Smolarkiewicz, 1989: Gravity waves, compensating subsidence, and detrainment around cumulus clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 46 , 740–759.
Chagnon, J. M., , and P. R. Bannon, 2005a: Wave response during hydrostatic and geostrophic adjustment. Part I: Transient dynamics. J. Atmos. Sci., 62 , 1311–1329.
Chagnon, J. M., , and P. R. Bannon, 2005b: Wave response during hydrostatic and geostrophic adjustment. Part II: Potential vorticity conservation and energy partitioning. J. Atmos. Sci., 62 , 1330–1345.
Chagnon, J. M., , and S. L. Gray, 2008: Analysis of convectively-generated gravity waves in mesoscale model simulations and wind-profiler observations. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 134 , 663–676. doi:10.1002/qj.239.
Chun, H-Y., , H-J. Choi, , and I-S. Song, 2008: Effects of nonlinearity on convectively forced internal gravity waves: Application to a gravity wave drag parameterization. J. Atmos. Sci., 65 , 557–575.
Cohen, B. G., , and G. C. Craig, 2004: The response time of a convective cloud ensemble to a change in forcing. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 130 , 933–944.
Fritts, D. C., , and M. J. Alexander, 2003: Gravity wave dynamics and effects in the middle atmosphere. Rev. Geophys., 41 , 1003. doi:10.1029/2001RG000106.
Holton, J. R., , J. H. Beres, , and X. Zhou, 2002: On the vertical scale of gravity waves excited by localized thermal forcing. J. Atmos. Sci., 59 , 2019–2023.
Marsham, J. H., , and D. J. Parker, 2006: Secondary initiation of multiple bands of cumulonimbus over southern Britain. II: Dynamics of secondary initiation. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 132 , 1053–1072. doi:10.1256/qj.05.152.
Nappo, C. J., 2002: An Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves. International Geophysics Series, Vol. 85, Academic Press, 276 pp.
Nicholls, M., , R. Pielke, , and W. Cotton, 1991: Thermally forced gravity waves in an atmosphere at rest. J. Atmos. Sci., 48 , 1869–1884.
Robinson, F. J., , S. C. Sherwood, , and Y. Li, 2008: Resonant response of deep convection to surface hot spots. J. Atmos. Sci., 65 , 276–286.
Song, I-S., , H-Y. Chun, , and T. P. Lane, 2003: Generation mechanisms of convectively forced internal gravity waves and their propagation to the stratosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 60 , 1960–1980.
Vadas, S. L., , and D. C. Fritts, 2001: Gravity wave radiation and mean responses to local body forces in the atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 58 , 2249–2279.