We thank Isaac Held, Xavier Levine, and Tim Merlis for useful discussions and comments. This research was supported by the NOAA Climate and Global Change Postdoctoral Fellowship administered by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, by a David and Lucile Packard Fellowship, and by NSF Grant AGS-1019211. The GCM is based on the Flexible Modeling System of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory; the simulations were performed on Caltech’s Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences Dell cluster.
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