We thank Yohai Kaspi for reading this manuscript and providing constructive comments.
Anderson, J. L., and Coauthors, 2004: The new GFDL global atmosphere and land model AM2-LM2: Evaluation with prescribed SST simulations. J. Climate, 17, 4641–4673.
Chang, E. K. M., 2009: Diabatic and orographic forcing of northern winter stationary waves and storm tracks. J. Climate, 22, 670–688.
Chang, X., , and X. Lin, 2011: Comments on “The role of the central Asian mountains on the midwinter suppression of North Pacific storminess.” J. Atmos. Sci., 68, 2800–2803.
Cook, K. H., , and I. M. Held, 1992: The stationary response to large-scale orography in a general circulation model and a linear model. J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 525–539.
Harnik, N., , and E. K. M. Chang, 2004: The effects of variations in jet width on the growth of baroclinic waves: Implications for midwinter Pacific storm-track variability. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 23–40.
Kiehl, J. T., , J. J. Hack, , G. B. Bonan, , B. A. Boville, , D. L. Williamson, , and P. J. Rasch, 1998: The National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate Model: CCM3. J. Climate, 11, 1131–1149.
Nakamura, H., , and T. Sampe, 2002: Trapping of synoptic-scale disturbances into the North-Pacific subtropical jet core in midwinter. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 1761, doi:10.1029/2002GL015535.
Park, H.-S., , J. C. H. Chiang, , and S.-W. Son, 2010: The role of the central Asian mountains on the midwinter suppression of North Pacific storminess. J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 3706–3720.
Smith, T. M., , R. W. Reynolds, , R. E. Livezey, , and D. C. Stokes, 1996: Reconstruction of historical sea surface temperatures using empirical orthogonal functions. J. Climate, 9, 1403–1420.