We thank the Computational and Information Systems Laboratory at the National Center for Atmospheric Research for providing the ECMWF data. Frédéric Laliberté was supported by a McCracken Fellowship from the New York University and by the NSERC/CRSNG doctoral fellowship program. Tiffany Shaw acknowledges support from the NSERC/CRSNG through a postdoctoral fellowship. This work was supported by the NSF under Grant AGS-0944058.
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See the last paragraph of their section 2.
Produced by and available from the National Center for Atmospheric Research Data Support Section, dataset ds127.2.
We use Sverdrup units to quantify mass fluxes: 1 Sv = 109 kg s−1. This definition corresponds to the mass flux produced by a 1-Sv flow of water with density 103 kg m−3.
The mass flux joint distribution for a selection of other latitudes is provided as online supplemental material.
On a fixed dry isentrope at a fixed latitude,