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VARIATIONS IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE UPPER WESTERLIES

George P. CressmanUniversity of Chicago

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Abstract

This study indicates that the jet streams which are observed on meridional cross sections appear first at high latitudes and usually shift slowly southward to low latitudes, where they eventually disappear. It is common to observe the presence of more than one upper west-wind maximum at the same time but at different latitudes. Average variations in the speeds of these maxima are studied. Splitting of a single west-wind maximum into two distinct maxima is occasionally observed on a hemispheric scale.

Abstract

This study indicates that the jet streams which are observed on meridional cross sections appear first at high latitudes and usually shift slowly southward to low latitudes, where they eventually disappear. It is common to observe the presence of more than one upper west-wind maximum at the same time but at different latitudes. Average variations in the speeds of these maxima are studied. Splitting of a single west-wind maximum into two distinct maxima is occasionally observed on a hemispheric scale.

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