This research was supported by a grant awarded to the University of Washington from the National Science Foundation (Award AGS-0842384) made possible through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The authors wish to thank Drs. John M. Wallace, Dargan Frierson, Robert A. Houze, Chris Snyder, and Rahul Mahajan for insightful suggestions regarding this study. The authors also thank Dr. David Nolan and two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments, which greatly improved the manuscript.
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