This work was supported by the DFG within the Cluster of Excellence 177 Integrated Climate System Analysis and Prediction (CliSAP). We gratefully acknowledge the support of the NCAR Advanced Study Program (ASP), the NCAR Earth Systems Laboratory, and the NCAR Research Applications Laboratory. This collaboration was also aided by ASP's Graduate Visitor Program. We thank Yuqing Wang, Kerry Emanuel, and two anonymous reviewers for their critical comments. Furthermore, we appreciate the support of Brian Tang, who read an earlier version of our manuscript and provided helpful remarks.
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